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Common environmental theme Freshwater - State and impacts (Finland)
Freshwater - State and Impacts
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Figure Exceedance of critical loads for acidification by deposition of nitrogen and sulphur compounds in 2010
The results were computed using the 2008 Critical Loads database hosted by the Coordination Centre for Effects (CCE).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage reduction in observed annual sulphur deposition from 1990/92 to 1998/2000
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Exceedance of the 5 percentile conditional critical loads for acidifying nitrogen, 1995
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (CSI 005) - Assessment published Dec 2013
Eutrophication The magnitude of the risk of ecosystem eutrophication and its geographical coverage has diminished only slightly over the years. The predictions for 2010 and 2020 indicate that the risk is still widespread over Europe. This is in conflict with the EU's long-term objective of not exceeding critical loads of airborne acidifying and eutrophying substances in sensitive ecosystem areas (National Emission Ceilings Directive, 6th Environmental Action Programme, Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution). Acidification The situation has considerably improved and it is predicted to improve further. The interim environmental objective for 2010 (National Emission Ceilings Directive) will most likely not be met completely. However, the European ecosystem areas where the critical load will be exceeded is predicted to have declined by more than 80 % in 2010 with 1990 as a base year. By 2020, it is expected that the risk of ecosystem acidification will only be an issue at some hot spots, in particular at the border area between the Netherlands and Germany. Ozone Most vegetation and agricultural crops are exposed to ozone levels exceeding the long term objective given in the EU Air Quality Directive. A significant fraction is also exposed to levels above the 2010 target value defined in the Directive. Compared to 2009, the ozone indicators show a mixed behavior  Averaged over all rural background stations, the concentration relevant for the exposure of crops is slightly higher. However, the agricultural area exposed to concentrations above the target value did not increase in 2009 and 2010 compared to previous years, but the area exposed to levels between 12 000 and 18 000 (µg/m 3 ).hour is larger than in the previous years. With respect to the exposure of forests, the concentrations are similar compared to previous years. The effect-related concentrations, addressing exposure of crops to ozone over several summer months, show large year-to-year variations. Over the period 1996-2010 there is a tendency to increased exposure until 2006; and a tendency to decreasing levels after 2006. However, due to the large year-to-year variations, this development has not proven to be statistically significant.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone
Highlight Troff document Eleven countries exceed air pollutant emission limits
Air pollutants are still being emitted above legal limits in the EU. Recent data from the EU Member States shows that a number of countries continued to breach their emission ceilings in 2012.
Located in News
Figure Change in emissions of acidifying pollutants compared with the 2010 NECD and Gothenburg protocol targets (EEA member countries)
Gothenburg protocol targets are shown for the non-EU countries (e.g
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Contribution to total change in acidifying pollutant emissions for each sector and pollutant (EU-27 - EU-15).
Contribution to change plots show the contribution to the total emission change between 1990-2005 made by a specified sector/ pollutant
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emissions of nitrogen oxides and ammonia in 1995 at 50km resolution (tonnes of N per year)
Notes: Includes emissions from shipping in the North Sea and the north-east Altantic (Lloyd's Register of Shipping [1995]: Marine Exhaust Emission Research Programme
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure application/vnd.symbian.install Data availability in EU for hot spots analysis
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100