Uptake of strategic environmental assessment in the transport sector
This indicator is no longer being regularly updated
Assessment made on 01 Oct 2004
ClassificationTransport (Primary theme)
- TERM 038
Policy issue: Apply strategic environmental assessment to support decisions on transport policies, plans and programmes
Developments at national level
Until recently, only a relatively small number of countries (forerunners included the Scandinavian countries, the Netherlands, and Poland) had made formal provision for SEA of policy, plans and programmes. Since the SEA Directive has come into force the number of countries has greatly increased. Some member states are introducing SEA for the first time (e.g. Austria, Greece and Portugal). Others have extended the scope or amended the arrangements of existing national SEA systems (e.g. France, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom) (IIED, 2004). Despite this progress many member states still have not implemented the SEA directive after the passing of the deadline on 21 July 2004 (Table 1). However, many of them are expected to do so shortly. In some of those cases, the legal foundation is already in place but the practical guidelines are not fully developed yet.
Most of the countries who have not implemented the SEA directive on time were old member states, though in many cases these countries already had a national SEA system. In some of the new member states there existed legal frameworks for SEA and substantial practical experience as well, particularly in the Czech Republic and Poland. However, the experience with transport SEAs is still limited (IIED, 2004)
Developments at EU level
The Trans-European Network for Transport (TEN-T) is the single biggest transport infrastructure programme in Europe, but so far, there has still not been a full SEA of the TEN-T. However, the latest directive (2004/884/EC) revising the TEN-T guidelines called for the member states to perform SEAs of TEN-T projects in their own countries.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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