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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Transport taxes and charges / Transport taxes and charges (TERM 022) - Assessment published Jul 2010

Transport taxes and charges (TERM 022) - Assessment published Jul 2010

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This indicator is no longer being regularly updated

Generic metadata

Topics:

Transport Transport (Primary topic)

Tags:
transport indicators | transport
DPSIR: Response
Typology: N/A
Indicator codes
  • TERM 022
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1998-2008
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: What is the current trend in infrastructure taxes and charges?

Key messages

There is insufficient data to accurately analyse transport infrastructure charges throughout the EEA region. However from the data available, the following can be concluded for the freight sector. Overall charges are varied and no clear trend in pricing can be established. The most widely used form of taxing for heavy goods vehicles are charges on the possession of vehicles or use of roads for vehicles registered in the country (nationality based charge), although a number of countries in the EEA-32 do not apply any such tax. A number of countries have abolished time based charges for the use of the road or motorway network (moderately territorial road charge) and now only 5 have such a charge (2008). Distance based charges (strongly territorial road charge) for freight vehicles are more common and prices for this have increased in each country during the time period 1998 to 2008.
The indicator does not cover parking charges, inland waterways (IWW), aviation or marine infrastructure charges.

Strongly territorial road charges (tolls)

Note: The table reports olls that belong to the strongly territorial road charge or distance based charge category. In Europe 9 countries currently use toll systems

Data source:

ITF, International transport forum - statistics - road haulage taxes and charges. http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/statistics/statistics.html

Downloads and more info

Nationality Based Charges for road haulage vehicles

Note: The table lists the nationality based road charges that are a charge on the possession of a vehicle or use of road applicable only to vehicles registered in the country. For heavy goods vehicles, for which only data is available, this charge is the most widely spread in Europe; although a number of countries in the EEA-32 do not apply the tax. Where no data is shown, this is as a result of missing data and/or no charge being applied.

Data source:

ITF, International transport forum - statistics - road haulage taxes and charges. http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/statistics/statistics.html 

Downloads and more info

Moderately Territorial Charges for road haulage vehicles

Note: The table provides the charges applied for road haulage vehicles across the EEA-32. The charges are highly variable and show no particular trend during the period 1998 to 2008.

Data source:

ITF, International transport forum - statistics - road haulage taxes and charges. http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/statistics/statistics.html

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

Nationality based road charges (vehicle taxation)

Nationality based road charges are a charge on the possession of a vehicle or use of road applicable only to vehicles registered in the country. For heavy goods vehicles, for which only data is available, this charge is the most widely spread in Europe; although a number of countries in the EEA-32 do not apply the tax (see Table 1).

Nationality based taxes for road haulage vehicles vary greatly within the EEA-32 region. In some countries the tax is growing (the largest growth during the last 10 years was in Hungary, Norway and Poland), while in some it is falling (the largest falls during the last 10 years were in Austria and Germany) and therefore no clear trend can be determined.

Moderately territorial road charges (vignettes)

These are time based charges for the use of road or motorway networks and are also known as highway vignettes and Eurovignettes. Table 2 below provides the charges applied for road haulage vehicles across the EEA32.  The charges are highly variable and show no particular trend during the period 1998 to 2008. Austria (2004), the Czech Republic (2007) and Germany (2005) have abolished vignettes. However, in their place they either increased or commenced strongly territorial road charges. The minimum period of vignette varies from 1 day to 1 week (ITF, 2008).

Slovenia introduced vignette in July 2008, where it is available for either half a year or one year. In Hungary, charges have increased from 39 Euros per year in 2001 to 135 Euros in 2008. This is due to the inclusion of a previously tolled motorway section into the system of Eurovignette.

Strongly territorial road charges (tolls)

Tolls belong to the strongly territorial road charge or distance based charge category. In Europe 9 countries currently use toll systems (see Table 3). Hungary abolished tolls and included all motorways into one highway vignette (which differentiates between modes of transport) (see Table 2). Unlike with the nationality based charges and the moderately territorial road charges, there is a clear trend in that prices have increased in each country between the period 1998 to 2008.

Norway has an urban toll system with more than 30 constituent projects running in the country. The considerable increase in the toll charge in Norway identified in 2005 is linked to the introduction of the electronic toll collection system (the AutoPass system) (Leromonachou et al., 2004). Switzerland is the only country that applies weight based charges for the use of roads and motorways by HGV (as of 2001).

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Cinzia Pastorello

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2009 2.10.2 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Comments

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100