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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Transport emissions of greenhouse gases / Transport emissions of greenhouse gases (TERM 002) - Assessment published Apr 2009

Transport emissions of greenhouse gases (TERM 002) - Assessment published Apr 2009

Generic metadata

Topics:

Transport Transport (Primary topic)

Climate change Climate change

Tags:
transport
DPSIR: Pressure
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
Indicator codes
  • TERM 002
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How did greenhouse gas emissions from transport evolve?

Key messages

  • In the EEA member countries, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from transport (excluding international air and maritime transport) increased by 27 % between 1990 and 2005. The 15 old EU Member States make up 83 % of the total EEA area transport emissions and they increased by 26 % in the period of 1990-2005. In the 4 EFTA countries the emissions increased by 17 % while in the 12 new EU Member States the increase was 30 %. In the Candidate Countries (CC-1) the emissions increased by 55 %.
  • For several of the 15 old EU Member States and EFTA countries, rapidly rising GHG emissions from transport are a serious concern for meeting the Kyoto target.
  • In the 15 old EU Member States, domestic aviation was the fastest growing transport mode, while rail transport was the fastest decreasing one. Also GHG emissions from international aviation and navigation are increasing rapidly, but these emissions are, in accordance with UNFCCC guidelines, not included in the GHG emission totals relevant for the Kyoto targets.
  • In the 15 old EU Member States, the transport sector was responsible for 21 % of the total GHG emissions in 2005, while in the 12 new EU Member States the transport sector contributed only by 11 % to the total GHG emissions.

TERM02 Total GHG emissions from transport

Note: EU-15 refers to 15 old EU Member States prior to May 2004 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), EFTA-4 to the four EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), EU-12 to 12 new EU Member States as of January 2007 (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) and CC-1 to the candidate country Turkey.

Data source:

Annual European Community Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2005 and Inventory Report 2007, Submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat, EEA Technical Report No 7/2007, European Environment Agency.

Downloads and more info

TERM02 Change in total GHG emissions from transport

Note: EU-15 refers to 15 old EU Member States prior to May 2004 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), EFTA-4 to the four EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), EU-12 to 12 new EU Member States as of January 2007 (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) and CC-1 to the candidate country Turkey.

Data source:

Annual European Community Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2005 and Inventory Report 2007, Submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat, EEA Technical Report No 7/2007, European Environment Agency.

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

  • In the 15 old EU member countries emissions of GHGs from transport have increased by 26 % between 1990 and 2005, contributing to a fifth (21 %) of the total GHG emissions in 2005 in the EU15. CO2 is the main contributor to transport GHG emissions (97 %) and road transport is, in turn, the largest contributor to these emissions (93 % in 2005). Road transport and air transport are the fastest growing contributors to transport GHG emissions between 1990 and 2005. Transport is also a small, but rapidly growing source of N2O emissions (+186 % between 1990 and 2005), though as it is not a large source of N2O, it does not have a major impact on the overall trend of total EU-15 GHG emissions.
  • The 4 EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) together account for 3 % of the total GHG emissions from transport in the EEA-32 area. The GHG emissions from transport in these three countries were 17 % above the 1990 levels in 2005.
  • In the 12 new EU member countries transport GHG emissions increased by 30 % in between 1990 and 2005, as a consequence of increased road transport demand. CO2 is the most important GHG, with 97 % share on total GHG emissions from the transport sector. These CO2 emissions increased by 29 % between 1990 and 2005. Road transport is a small, but rapidly growing source of N2O emissions (+101 % between 1990 and 2005), due to the penetration of three-way catalysts.
  • GHG emissions from transport in the candidate country Turkey increased by 55 % between 1990 and 2005. The increase is due to road transportation and domestic aviation. Turkey accounts together for 4 % of the GHG emissions from transport in the EEA area.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Cinzia Pastorello

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2010 2.9.2 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled once per year in October-December (Q4)
Filed under:

Comments

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100