In the area of EEA31, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from transport (excluding international air and maritime transport) increased by 20 % between 1990 and 2002. The EU15 Member States make up 89 % of the total EEA31 transport emissions and they increased by 22 % in the period of 1990-2002. In the EEA-EFTA countries the emissions increased by 24 % while in the new EU Member States (EU10) the increase was 8 %. The group EEA-EFTA has the highest increase in emissions, followed by EU15 and EU10. In the Candidate Countries (CC3 - without Turkey) the emissions decreased by 2 %.
For several EU15 Member States and EEA-EFTA countries rapidly rising greenhouse gas emissions from transport are a serious concern for meeting the Kyoto target.
EU15 is the only country group with data on change in modal split in 1990 and 2002. In the EU15, domestic aviation was the fastest growing transport mode, while rail transport was the fastest decreasing one. Also GHG emissions from international aviation and navigation are increasing rapidly but these emissions are, in accordance with UNFCCC guidelines, not included in the GHG emission totals relevant for the Kyoto targets.
In the EU15, the transport sector was responsible for 21 % of the total GHG emissions in 2002 while in the EU10 the transport sector contributed only by 10 % to the total GHG emissions. In the EEA-EFTA this figure was 26 %.
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