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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Renewable primary energy consumption / Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Sep 2010

Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Sep 2010

Topics: ,

Generic metadata

Topics:

Energy Energy (Primary topic)

Tags:
renewable energy | energy | energy consumption | csi
DPSIR: Response
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 030
  • ENER 029
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2007
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption is increasing in Europe?

Key messages

The share of renewable energy sources in gross inland energy consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4% in 1990 to 7.8% in 2007. The strongest increase came from wind (more than one hundred thirty-fold) and solar energy (eightfold). In absolute terms, biomass accounted for 79.2 % of the increase and wind for 13.1 %. Because the gross inland energy consumption of the EU-27 increased by 8.7% between 1990 and 2007, some of the environmental benefits (e.g. reductions in GHG emissions and air pollution) brought about by an increased share of renewable energy sources were offset. In 2007, the share of renewable energy in total gross inland consumption in EU-15 was 8%, hence a significant effort will be needed to meet the indicative target of 12 % share of renewables by 2010.

Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27

Note: Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2007, EU-27

Note: Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2007, EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27

Note: Annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption (in %)

Note: Share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption (in %)

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Table available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

IEA. Total primary energy supply by product: IEA: http://data.iea.org/IEASTORE/DEFAULT.ASP

 

Downloads and more info

Share of RE in GEIC, compared to target in COM(97) 599 final (%, in 2007)

Note: Share of RE in GEIC, compared to target in COM(97) 599 final (%, in 2007). The White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) sets an indicative target of 12 % of renewables in total GEIC in the EU-15 by 2010. The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) in EU-15 was 8 % in 2007, falling significantly short of the 12% indicative target

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Table available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

  • The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 7.8 % in 2007. For the EU-15, in 2007, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption in these countries accounted for 8%, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010 (see Figures 1,2,3).
  • Between 1990 and 2007 the average annual growth rate of total renewable energy consumption in EU-27 was 3.9 %. Wind and solar PV showed very high growth rates of respectively 33.4% and 43.5 % followed by solar thermal with 11.4%. Between 2006 and 2007, the annual growth rate of renewables was more than double the average: 8.6 % (see Figure 3).
  • The non-EU EEA countries[1] showed an increase of 19.1 % in total renewable energy consumption between 1990 and 2007 compared with 93.0% in EU-27 over the same period. The significant lower penetration rate of renewables in these countries can be explained by the much higher increase in gross energy inland consumption (59.1% compared to 8.7% in EU-27), which led to a decrease in the share of renewable energy in GIEC from 25.7 % in 1990 to 19.2 % in 2007. Almost 2/3 of the renewable energy consumption was hydropower, followed by biomass and waste. Together they account for approximately 85% of the renewable energy consumption in non-EU EEA countries.
  • In 2007, globally, the share of renewables in total energy consumption was 12.6 % (compared with the EEA region 8.7%). Combustible renewables and waste accounted for 78 % of the total renewable energy, followed by hydro (17 %). The high share in Africa (77.6 %) is mostly due to the use of wood for example for burning in cooking stoves (combustible renewables are 97 % of the total renewables). In Russia and the Middle East, the share of hydropower is the largest (see Table 1).


[1] Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey

Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from biomass and waste increasing in Europe?

Specific assessment

    • In 2007, renewable energy from biomass and waste accounted for the largest share in total renewable energy (69.8 %) and the largest in GEIC (5.4%). This category represented 79.2 % of the absolute growth in renewables during the period 1990-2007. Between 1990 and 2007, the share of renewable energy from biomass and waste increased by 120.7 % in the EU-27, at an average annual growth of 4.8 %. Biomass and waste can be used to produce electricity and heat and biofuels for transport. It is also seen as one of the main areas for future growth in renewable energy (see Figures 1,2,3).
    • Between 2006 and 2007 the total amount of biomass and waste increased by 9.7 %, more than double the average annual growth rate for this category.

 

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from hydro increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • Hydropower consumption increased by 6.2 % over the period 1990-2007 at an average annual growth rate of 0.4 %. Hydropower production has fluctuated substantially in recent years as a result of changing rainfall patterns. In 2007, the share of hydropower in total renewable energy was 18.9 % and 1.5 % of GEIC in the EU-27. Energy consumption from hydropower is not expected to increase significantly in the future due to environmental concerns and a lack of suitable sites, particularly within the EU-15. For example, the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) places a strong emphasis on achieving a good environmental status of European rivers, hence future construction of new hydro-power plants (particularly small-scale hydro) will need to take these constraints into account (see Figures 1 and 3). • Between 2006 and 2007 the total hydropower consumed increase by 0.3%.

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from wind increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • Between 1990 and 2007, wind energy in the EU-27 grew by a factor of 134 at an annual growth rate of 33.4 %. This development was largely due to strong growth in Spain and Germany, which together accounted for 64.5 % of all the EU-27 wind production in 2007. Wind power is a fast-growing energy source worldwide, and this trend is expected to continue throughout the EU-27, particularly as offshore developments take off. At present however, wind energy accounts for only 0.5 % of EU-27 GEIC and 6.4 % of renewable energy consumption in the EU-27 (see Figures 1 and 3).
    • From 2006 to 2007, consumption from wind energy increased by 26.7 %, slightly less than average over the 17 years period but more than in the preceding years (20 % in 2004-2005 and 17 % in 2005-2006).

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from solar increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • Between 1990 and 2007, renewable energy from solar (both PV and solar thermal) in the EU-27 grew by a factor of 8.4 at an average annual growth rate of 13.3 %. Solar thermal energy developments in Austria, Germany and Greece benefited greatly from proactive government policy coupled with subsidy schemes and communication strategies that emphasised the benefits of solar thermal. In 2006, Spain passed a law making solar panels compulsory in new and renovated buildings (this resulted in a 65.1 % annual increase in 2007, compared to 27.7 % in 2006). In most Member States solar energy comes from solar thermal energy, rather than electricity generated using photovoltaic (PV) cells. At present the use of PV cells is limited due to relatively high production and installation costs, but represent a medium- to long-term opportunity as costs are beginning to fall (JRC, 2004). Solar energy accounted for 0.9 % of total renewable energy consumption and only 0.1 % of GEIC in 2007 (see Figures 1 and 3). • Between 2006 and 2007 solar energy grew by 28.3 %, a much slower pace than preceding years

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from geothermal increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

      • Between 1990 and 2007, the consumption of geothermal energy (both electricity and heat) increased by 80.9 % in the EU-27, at an average annual growth of 3.5 %. The use of geothermal schemes depends on the quality (temperature and density) of the heat available. Geothermal energy contributed only 4.1 % to renewable energy consumption and 0.3 % of GEIC in the EU-27 in 2007, with Italy accounting for around 89 % of the total amount of consumed geothermal energy. There is still significant potential to exploit geothermal heat, particularly in the form of heat pump technology for space heating (IEA, 2004) (see Figures 1 and 3).
      • Between 2006 and 2007 geothermal energy grew by 3.5 %, the same as the annual average over 1990 to 2007.

    Data sources

    More information about this indicator

    See this indicator specification for more details.

    Contacts and ownership

    EEA Contact Info

    Mihai Florin Tomescu

    Ownership

    EEA Management Plan

    2009 2.9.1 (note: EEA internal system)

    Dates

    Frequency of updates

    Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
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