Alternative-fuel vehicles as a proportion of the total fleet
Published (reviewed and quality assured)
Justification for indicator selection
Increasingly tight regulations have resulted in the gradual introduction and promotion of more fuel-efficient, less polluting vehicles. The total stock of alternative fuel vehicles, as well as their new registrations, is an indirect indication of the level of improvement of road transport fuel efficiency and pollutant emissions. The overall objective of this specific indicator is to monitor the penetration of alternative fuel vehicles and hence to be able to estimate progress towards environmental targets.
- No rationale references available
This indicator measures alternative-fuel vehicles as a proportion of the total vehicle fleet. This is defined as the number of vehicles (by vehicle type and fuel) per total number of vehicles (by vehicle type).
The units used in this indicator are the total population of passenger cars, light commercial vehicles and buses by alternative fuel type (LPG, NG and electric).
Policy context and targets
A number of policies have been adopted that contribute to meeting targets set at EU level. This includes the 20-20-20 policy package, which came into force in 2009. This package sets two targets: an overarching 20 % cut in greenhouse gas emissions in Europe below 1990 levels by 2020; and a 60 % reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transport below 1990 levels by 2050, as set out in the 2011 Transport White Paper.
The CO2 emissions targets for new cars and vans contribute to meeting these targets. Regulation 443/2009 sets a CO2 ‘specific emission’ target of 130 grams per kilometre (g/km) by 2015 for new passenger cars sold in the EU. A long-term target of 95 g/km has been set for 2020. Specific targets for vans have also been introduced in Regulation 510/2011. The first target level (175 g/km), has been phased in since 2014 and be reached in 2017, and a second target level (147 g/km) should be reached in 2020.
There are no specific objectives or targets related to the number of different types of alternative fuel vehicles as a proportion of the total vehicle fleet. Policy objectives are rather set with respect to the environmental performance of newly registered passenger cars and vans.
Related policy documents
REGULATION (EC) No 443/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL 443/2009
Regulation (ec) no 443/2009 of the European parliament and of the Council setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars as part of the community's integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles.
REGULATION (EU) No 510/2011
REGULATION (EU) No 510/2011 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL setting emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles as part of the Union's integrated approach to reduce CO 2 emissions from light-duty vehicles
Key policy question
Are alternative-fuel powered vehicles increasing as a proprotion of the total vehicle fleet?
Methodology for indicator calculation
Alternative-fuel vehicles (LPG, NG, electric) as a proportion of the total vehicle fleet for each vehicle type (passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, buses) is calculated by dividing the number of alternative fuel vehicles by the total fleet for each vehicle type.
Methodology for gap filling
Data gaps are filled either by interpolation, where data between reported data are missing, or by using the first (or last) reported value.
No methodology references available.
EEA data references
- No datasets have been specified here.
Data sources in latest figures
Data sets uncertainty
The data on the stock of alternative-fuel vehicles mostly come from statistical sources and are hence considered reliable. Data on new registrations are also reliable as they are officially submitted by EU Member States as part of their CO2 reporting obligations. Sibyl and EC4MACS have been used to fill data gaps.
Short term work
Work specified here requires to be completed within 1 year from now.
Long term work
Work specified here will require more than 1 year (from now) to be completed.
Responsibility and ownership
EEA Contact InfoDiana Vedlugaite
Frequency of updates
ClassificationDPSIR: Driving force
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
For references, please go to http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/proportion-of-vehicle-fleet-meeting-4 or scan the QR code.
PDF generated on 23 Mar 2017, 09:11 PM