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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Emissions of primary particles and secondary particulate matter precursors / Emissions of primary particles and secondary particulate matter precursors (CSI 003) - Assessment published Dec 2006

Emissions of primary particles and secondary particulate matter precursors (CSI 003) - Assessment published Dec 2006

Generic metadata

Topics:

Air pollution Air pollution (Primary topic)

Environment and health Environment and health

Tags:
ozone | csi | emissions | air
DPSIR: Pressure
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 003
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2004
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: What progress is being made in reducing emissions of primary particulate matter (PM10) and secondary particulate matter precursors?

Key messages

Total EU-15 emissions of fine particles were reduced by 45% between 1990 and 2004. This was due mainly to reduction in emissions of the secondary particulate precursors, but also to reductions in primary PM10 emissions from energy industries. Total EU-10 emissions of fine particles were reduced by 55% between 1990 and 2004

Emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates (ktonnes) 1990-2004 (EU-15)

Note: Related to CSI003 fig

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Change in emission of primary and secondary fine particles 1990-2004 (%), (EU-15 and EFTA-3)

Note:

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

EU-15 emissions of fine particles were reduced by 45% between 1990 and 2004. Emissions of NOx (56%) and SO2 (18%) were the most important contributing pollutants to particulate formation in the EU-15 in 2004. The reductions in total emissions between 1990 to 2004 were due mainly to the introduction or improvement of abatement measures in the energy, road transport, and industry sectors. These three sectors contributed 22%, 26% and 14% respectively to the total reduction. The EU-10 has experienced reduction of emissions since 1990 from the energy industries with 49% of the total reduction in the EU-10 emissions. Over the same period, emissions from the road tranport and industry sectors have also decreased significantly, contributing 8% and 28% respectively. As for the EU-15, Emissions of NOx (42%) and SO2 (33%) were the most important contributing pollutants to particulate formation in the EU-10 in 2004.

Specific policy question: How do different sectors and processes contribute to emissions of PM10 and their precursors?

Contribution of the change in emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates (PM10), per sector and per pollutant (%), 1990-2004 (EU-15)

Note: Contribution to change plots show the contribution to the total emission change between 1990-2004 made by a specified sector/ pollutant.

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Sector split emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates in 2004 (%), (EU-10)

Note: N/A

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Sector split emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates in 2004 (%), (EU-15)

Note: N/A

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates (ktonnes), 1990-2004 (EEA member countries)

Note: N/A

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates (ktonnes), 1990-2004 (EU-10)

Note: N/A

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Change in emission of primary and secondary fine particles 1990-2004 (%), (EU-10, AC-2 and CC-2)

Note: N/A

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Sector split emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates in 2004 (%), (EEA member countries)

Note: N/A

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Contribution of the change in emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates (PM10), per sector and per pollutant (%), 1990-2004, (EEA member countries)

Note: 'Contribution to change' plots show the contribution to the total emission change between 1990-2004 made by a specified sector/ pollutant.

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Contribution of the change in emissions of primary and secondary fine particulates (PM10), per sector and per pollutant (%), 1990-2004 (EU-10)

Note: 'Contribution to change' plots show the contribution to the total emission change between 1990-2004 made by a specified sector/ pollutant.

Data source:

Data from 2006 officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution. Where emissions of primary PM10 were not reported by countries, emission estimates have been obtained from the RAINS PM10 model (IIASA).

Downloads and more info

Specific assessment

The most important sources of PM10 emissions in 2004 in the EU-15 and EU-10 were road transport (26%, 17% of total emissions) followed by the energy industry (22%, 34%) respectively.

 

As described in the main assessment, emission reductions between 1990 to 2004 were mainly due to abatement measures in energy industries, road transport, and energy use by industry. Overall, the reduction in emissions of energy-related particulate pollutants was mainly achieved through a combination of the use of fuels with lower sulphur content, fuel switching from coal and oil to natural gas, the deployment of emission abatement technologies in the energy supply and industry sectors, and an increased market penetration of road vehicles with catalytic converters.

 

Emissions of primary PM10, and secondary PM10 precursors are expected to decrease in the future as vehicle technologies are further improved and stationary fuel combustion emissions are controlled through abatement or use of low sulphur fuels such as natural gas. Despite this it is expected that in the near future in the majority of the urban areas over the EU-15 and EU-10 territory PM10 concentrations will still be well above the limit values for PM10, mainly as a result of the continued growth of road transport. Substantial further reductions in emissions will therefore be needed to reach the air quality limit values set in the EU First Daughter Directive to the Framework Directive on Ambient Air Quality.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Martin Adams

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2010 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Filed under: , , ,

Comments

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100