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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / EEA-32 Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions / EEA-32 Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions (APE 004) - Assessment published Feb 2010

EEA-32 Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions (APE 004) - Assessment published Feb 2010

Generic metadata

Topics:

Air pollution Air pollution (Primary topic)

Environment and health Environment and health

Industry Industry

Tags:
air pollution indicators | air quality | air emissions | pollution
DPSIR: Pressure
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • APE 004
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2010
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: What progress is being made in reducing emissions of NMVOCs?

Key messages

  • EEA-32 emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) have decreased by 41% since 1990. In 2007, the most significant sources of NMVOC emissions were the 'other (non energy)' sector (37%) (comprising activities such as paint application, dry-cleaning and other use of solvents), followed by the road transport sector (15%).
  • The decline in emissions since 1990 has primarily been due to reductions achieved in the road transport sector (due to the introduction of vehicle catalytic converters and the switching from petrol to diesel cars) and in the 'other (non-energy)' sector (a result of the introduction of legislative measures limiting for example the use and emissions of solvents).
  • The EU-27 Member States have, in general, made good progress towards reducing emissions in line with their obligations under the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD). Sixteen Member States (Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) have already reduced their national NMVOC emissions below the level of the emission ceilings set in the NECD. However, three Member States (France Germany, Spain and Portugal) have emissions still significantly above their respective emission ceilings and thus must make significant reductions over the coming years if they are to comply with the NECD.
  • Environmental context: Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) are a collection of organic compounds that differ widely in their chemical composition but display similar behaviour in the atmosphere. NMVOCs are emitted into the atmosphere from a large number of sources including combustion activities, solvent use and production processes. NMVOCs contribute to the formation of ground level (tropospheric) ozone. In addition, certain NMVOC species such as benzene and 1,3 butadiene are hazardous to human health. Quantifying the emissions of total NMVOCs provides an indicator of the emissions of the most hazardous NMVOCs. 

Change in emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds compared with the 2010 NECD and Gothenburg protocol targets (EEA member countries)

Note: The reported change in NMVOC emissions for each country, 1990-2008, in comparison with the 2010 NECD and Gothenburg protocol targets.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Non-methane volative organic compounds (NMVOC) distance-to-target for EEA member countries

Note: The distance-to-target indicator shows how current emissions compare to a linear emission reduction 'target-path' between 1990 emission levels and the 2010 emission ceiling for each country. Negative percentage values indicate the current emissions in a country are below the linear target path; positive values show that current emission lie above a linear target path to 2010.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Key assessment

EEA-32 emissions of NMVOCs have decreased by 41% since 1990. Within the EEA-32 group of countries, all have reported lower emissions in 2005 compared to 1990 except Greece (+18%), Poland (+7%) and Turkey (+57%).

 

The EU-27 Member States have, in general, made good progress towards reducing emissions in line with their obligations under the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD). Sixteen Member States (Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) have already reduced their national NMVOC emissions below the level of the emission ceilings set in the NECD. A number of other Member States (including Belgium and Ireland) reported NMVOC emissions for the year 2007 that were close to their respective ceilings under the NECD. These countries are considered broadly on track towards meeting their emission ceilings in 2010.

 

However, four Member States (France, Germany, Portugal and Spain) have emissions still significantly above their respective emission ceilings and thus must make significant reductions over the coming years if they are to comply with the NECD.

 

The EFTA-4 (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and CC-3 (Croatia, FYR of Macedonia and Turkey) countries are not members of the European Union and hence have no emission ceilings set under the NECD. However, Switzerland and Norway have ratified the Gothenburg Protocol, requiring them to reduce their emissions to the agreed ceiling specified in the protocol by 2010. Switzerland has already met its Gothenburg Protocol ceiling, whilst Norway, still needs to reduce emissions further in order to meet its respective ceiling.

 

 

Specific policy question: How do different sectors and processes contribute to emissions of NMVOCs?

Change in non-methane volatile organic compound emissions for each sector between 1990 and 2008 (EEA member countries)

Note: Percentage change in non-methane volatile organic compound (NMVOC) emissions for each sector between 1990 and 2008.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Emissions by sector of non-methane volatile organic compounds - 2008 (EEA member countries)

Note: The contribution made by different sectors to emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs).

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Contribution to total change in non-methane volatile organic compound emissions for each sector (EEA member countries)

Note: The contribution made by each sector to the total change in non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions between 1990 and 2008.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Specific assessment

Within the old EU-15 group of Member States the largest source of NMVOC emissions in 2007 was from the 'other (non energy)' sector, accounting for 43% of the total emissions. This sector includes emissions from activities such as paint application, degreasing, dry cleaning and the manufacture and processing of chemical products. The next largest sector was emissions from road transport, with 16% of total emissions. Between 1990 and 2007 the road transport sector experienced the largest percentage reduction (79%) and accounted for 58% of the overall reduction in emissions across the time series. The main reasons for this reduction were the increased use of three-way catalytic converters and the switching from petrol to diesel cars. The second largest contributor to the emissions decrease was the other (non-energy) sector, primarily as a result of the Solvent and Paint Directive.

 

The two largest sources of NMVOC emissions within the new EU-12 Member State group were also other (non energy) (41%) and road transport (18%). The other (energy) sector was also significant, accounting for 13% of total emissions in 2007. This sector includes emissions from energy use in the commercial, institutional and residential sector and other stationary sources. Between 1990 and 2007 reductions in emission from waste and other non-energy showed the highest % reduction (42% each). This period, 1990 to 2007, also saw a 41% reduction in emissions from the industry (energy) sector. However emissions from Agriculture increased by 201% due to increased activity.

 

Within the CC-3 country grouping (Croatia, FYR of Macedonia and Turkey), emissions from industry processes were the largest source of NMVOC, accounting for 56% of the total in 2007. Other transport was the next largest sector (20%) followed by other energy (13%) and other non-energy (5%). Emissions from the CC-3 increased by 98% between 1990 and 2007, with emissions increasing in all sectors except waste, other (energy) and road transport. Largest percentage increases were seen in the industry process sector (1129%), the industry energy (124%) and energy industries sectors (123%). The industry process sector was the largest contributor to the increase seen in emissions.

 

In the EFTA-4 countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) the 'other non-energy' sector accounted for 33% in 2007, followed by the fugitive emission sector (32%) and road transport (14%). Reductions in road transport and other (non energy) sources were the largest contributors to the overall 50% reduction in reported emissions, accounting for 75% and 50% respectively.

 

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Martin Adams

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2010 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100