The chart displays changes in Total Organic Carbon (TOC) emission intensity of chemical industry between 2004 and 2009. TOC emission intensity is expressed as kg of TOC discharged in water per unit of production of chemical industry(expressed as one million Euro gross value added).
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New supermarkets in the area can reduce business for smaller shops. Pollution and congestion would be significantly less if consumers frequented their local shops, rather than travelling long distances to out-of-town shopping centres.
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