The technology determinant as a part of adaptive capacity is described through 3 indicators: R&D expenditure as % of GDP, number of R&D personnel, number of patent application per resulting in 5 classes and presented per NUTS 3 unit.
Calculated as normalised average of research and development expenditure as % of GDP, number of research and development personnel and number of patent applications
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– it doesn't need to be set higher than 60 ºC. The same goes for the boiler of your central heating. Remember, 70 % of the energy used by households in the EU is spent on heating homes and another 14 % – on heating water.
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