Number of people affected by flooding per million population in the WHO European Region (annual average 2000–2011).
‘People affected’, as defined in EM-DAT, are people who require immediate assistance during a period of emergency, including displaced or evacuated people.
EM-DAT/CRED and the Dartmouth Flood Observatory were analysed to determine the flooded countries in the WHO European Region and the impact of these floods.
EM-DAT data for flooding and wet mass movement events was extracted for the countries in the WHO European Region for 2000 to 2011 from the website http://www.emdat.be/advanced-search. EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – www.emdat.be – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium. The rate per million was calculated with the average population in each country as reported in the HFA database. Mpa
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EM-DAT defines "affected" as "People requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency, i.e. requiring basic survival needs such as food, water, shelter, sanitation and immediate medical assistance. Appearance of a significant number of cases of an infectious disease introduced in a region or a population that is usually free from that disease."
Map also cover Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Some 97.5% of water on the Earth is salt water, leaving only 2.5% as fresh water. Of this over two thirds is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. The remaining unfrozen fresh water is found mainly as groundwater, with only a small fraction present in rivers, lakes or in the air. Water is a precious resource, use it responsibly and don’t waste it!
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