Figure 1a (on top) illustrates a cumulative number of aliens in the European Seas (EU + non EU), grouped by primary producers (PP), vertebrates (VER) and invertebrates (INV). Figure 1b (on bottom) illustrates the number of new introductions of all alien species per decade since 1950 in European Seas, by MSFD (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) region and sub-region.
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New supermarkets in the area can reduce business for smaller shops. Pollution and congestion would be significantly less if consumers frequented their local shops, rather than travelling long distances to out-of-town shopping centres.
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