Observed European annual average temperature deviations, 1850-2009, relative to the 1850-1899 average (in ºC).
The European mean annual temperature deviations are in the source in relation to the base period 1961-1990. The annual deviations shown in the chart have been adjusted to be relative to the period 1850-1899 to better monitor the EU objective not to exceed 2ºC above pre-industrial values. Over Europe average annual temperatures during the real pre-industrial period (1750-1799) were very similar to those during 1850-99. Europe is defined as the area between 35º to 70º Northern latitude, -25º to 30º Eastern longitude, plus Turkey (=35º to 40º North, 30º to 45º East). The resulting temperature anomalies were obtained using KNMI climate explorer.
Geographical coverage note: Europe
- 06 Feb 2009 - European annual average temperature deviations, 1850-2008, relative to the 1850-1899 average (in ºC). The lines refer to 10-year moving average, the bars to the annual 'land only' European average
- 22 Feb 2008 - European annual average temperature deviations, 1850-2007, relative to the 1850-1899 average (in oC).The lines refer to 10-year moving average, the bars to the annual 'land only' European average.
- 06 Dec 2006 - European annual mean temperature deviations, 1850-2005
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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