Environmentally-compatible primary bioenergy potential in the EU
Agricultural residues, such as straw and manures, are included in the category 'waste' (covering all EU-25 Member States). The forestry potential was calculated for EU-25 except Cyprus, Greece, Luxembourg and Malta. It consists of residues from fellings and complementary fellings. The additional forestry potential takes into account the reductions in the black liquor potential as a result of wood redirected from pulp and paper to energy production. It strongly depends on the assumed carbon permit and oil price. The additional agricultural potential due to higher prices paid for bioenergy was modeled only for Germany (DE), France (FR).