Where countries have instead reported business as usual or current legislation projections, it is assumed for comparison purposes that these are equivalent to a WM projection. The with additional measures projections reported by Member States take into account additional future planned policies and measures but which are not yet implemented.
New supermarkets in the area can reduce business for smaller shops. Pollution and congestion would be significantly less if consumers frequented their local shops, rather than travelling long distances to out-of-town shopping centres.
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