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The assessment is based on emissions for year 2008 and the effect of allocation to the EU ETS in 2008, the planned use of flexible mechanisms as well as the expected effect of LULUCF activities.
A positive sign signifies a favourable contribution towards target achievement.
The gap for 'EU-15' is assessed by considering the sum of the gaps of the 15 EU Member States which are part of the burden-sharing agreement. Since Member States with a surplus can use any remaining allowances for their own purposes and not necessarily transfer them via the flexible mechanisms to compensate for Member States with a shortfall, a gap is also calculated for 'EU-15 (no overachievement)', where only shortfalls are considered, but not any surplus.
On very hot days use public transport rather than your car.
Car exhaust emissions react with sunlight and heat to cause polluting gases such as tropospheric ozone. This is the main ingredient of poor air quality and photo-chemical smog, which can cause breathing difficulties. To find out the level of ozone pollution across Europe, go to EEA's Live Ozone Map.
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