The objective of this task is calculate “effective mesh size” as indicator of landscape fragmentation. Effective mesh size (Meff) is proportional to the probability of two points chosen randomly in region being connected. This probability is then converted into the size of a patch – the effective mesh size. The unit of Meff is that of area (e.g. Ha). This area corresponds to the size of “meshes” of regular network that has the same degree of fragmentation and it can be compared with the values of Meff from other regions. The smaller the effective mesh size, the more fragmented the landscape.
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When the urge to give flowers takes you, choose a potted plant from a local supplier. A lot of exotic flowers are grown in greenhouses great distances away. Aside from the issue of transport, there can be high social and environmental costs. For example, in Colombia, the flower industry uses enormous quantities of polluting pesticides, and in Kenya, horticulture requires a lot of water which reduces local water resources. As an alternative ask your flower shop for Fairtrade or organically produced flowers.
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