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Waterbase - Rivers

Note: new version is available!
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Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, and on the quantity of Europe's water resources

European data

Waterbase - Rivers (3 tables)

The dataset contains data on nutrients and organic matter, proxy pressure data on the upstream catchments and physical characteristics of the WISE-SoE river monitoring stations.

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Pressures (6746 records)

Proxy pressure data on the upstream catchments of WISE-SoE river monitoring stations.

Field name Field Definition Note Data type Primary key
CountryCode Abbreviation of EEA Member or Collaborating Country text(2) yes
WaterbaseID Internally produced, unique Waterbase identifier combination of CountryCode, '_RV_' and NationalStationID text(60) yes
NationalStationID Identifier of the river monitoring station, unique at the national level. text(60)
PopulationDensity Population density of the upstream catchment of the river monitoring station double
UWWT Point source pressure from urban waste water treatment discharges. text(1)
OverflowsDischarges Point source pressure from overflows and urban discharges. text(1)
IPPC Point source pressure from IPPC installations. text(1)
nonIPPC Point source pressure from non-IPPC installations? text(1)
Fertiliser Diffuse sources pressures from agricultural fertiliser use. text(1)
Pesticide Diffuse sources pressures from agricultural pesticide use. text(1)
Livestock Diffuse sources pressures from agricultural livestock. text(1)
TransportInfrastructure Diffuse sources pressures from transport and infrastructure without connection to sewers text(1)
PublicWaterSupply Water abstractions pressures due to public water supply. text(1)
Industry Water abstractions pressures due to industry. text(1)
Irrigation Water abstractions pressures due to irrigation. text(1)
Cooling Water abstractions pressures due to needs for cooling water, e.g. for nuclear power plants or other industrial activities. text(1)
WaterFlowRegulation Water flow regulation and morphological alterations text(50)
Remarks Remarks, comments or explanatory notes (free text). text(255)
QA_station_problem Quality assurance field - stations data quality issues flag List of codes of rules violated by record. Details are explained in the QA documentation text(50)
QA_datatype_error Quality assurance field - data type and data definition errors List of field names and their values where values that do not follow the official specifications. Details are explained in the QA documentation text(150)

Quality (846545 records)

Data on nutrients and organic matter in water measured at WISE-SoE river monitoring stations.

Field name Field Definition Note Data type Primary key
CountryCode Abbreviation of EEA Member or Collaborating Country text(2) yes
WaterbaseID Internally produced, unique Waterbase identifier combination of CountryCode, '_RV_' and NationalStationID text(60) yes
NationalStationID Identifier of the river monitoring station, unique at the national level. text(60)
Year Year of aggregation period in which samples were taken integer yes
AggregationPeriod Period of aggregation Annual, Autumn, GrowingSeason, Spring, Summer, Winter text(20) yes
PeriodLength Number of months in aggregation period. integer
Determinand Name of nutrients, organic matter or general physico-chemical determinands. text(50) yes
Unit Unit of measurement of nutrients or organic matter. text(10)
CEN_ISO CEN/ISO code of the methods. text(150)
NumberOfSamples Number of samples included in aggregated data. integer
LimitOfDetection Concentration for which there is a desirably small probability (around 5%) that the determinand will not be detected i.e. there is a 95% probability that the determinand will be detected. double
LimitOfQuantification The smallest concentration that can be distinguished from the analytical blank at a chosen level of statistical confidence (usually 95%). double
Minimum Minimum concentration value of aggregated data. double
Mean Mean concentration value of aggregated data. double
Maximum Maximum concentration value of aggregated data. double
Median Median concentration value of aggregated data. double
StandardDeviation Standard deviation of concentration values of aggregated data. double
SampleDepth Depth at which sample taken in metres below water surface. double
Remarks Remarks, comments or explanatory notes. memo
QA_LRviolations Quality assurance field - list of logical rules violations. List of codes of logical rules violated by record. Details are explained in the QA documentation. text(255)
QA_outlier Quality assurance field - outlier flag. List of codes of outlier rules violated by record. Details are explained in the QA documentation. integer
QA_station_problem Quality assurance field - stations data quality issues flag List of codes of rules violated by record. Details are explained in the QA documentation text(50)
QA_datatype_error Quality assurance field - data type and data definition errors List of field names and their values where values that do not follow the official specifications. Details are explained in the QA documentation text(150)

Stations (9296 records)

Physical characteristics of the WISE-SoE river monitoring stations.

Field name Field Definition Note Data type Primary key
CountryCode Abbreviation of EEA Member or Collaborating Country text(2) yes
WaterbaseID Internally produced, unique Waterbase identifier combination of CountryCode, '_RV_' and NationalStationID text(60) yes
NationalStationID Identifier of the river monitoring station, unique at the national level. text(60)
NationalStationName National name of the monitoring station text(150)
WFDstation Specification yes / no, whether the monitoring station was reported to European Commission as Water Framework Directive, Article 8 monitoring station. text(3)
WFD_EU_CD Internally produced, unique international identifier of the monitoring station under which the station was reported as WFD Art.8 monitoring station. text(30)
RiverName National name of river. text(150)
WaterCategory Water Category, as defined in the codelist. CN - Canal, RV - River text(2)
WaterBodyID National identification code of water body (if available) in which station is located text(50)
WaterBodyName Name of water body in which station is located text(255)
CatchmentName Name of major catchment or basin text(150)
RBDcode River Basin District Code text(50)
RBDname Name of the River Basin District. text(150)
Region National region in which water body is located text(50)
SeaAreaName Name of the local sea into which the river discharges or in which the TCM station is located. SeaAreaName may be the same as WaterBodyName. text(150)
SeaRegionName Name of regional sea of which local sea area is a part. text(150)
SeaConventionArea Name of Marine Convention area of which regional sea is a part, as defined in the codelist. text(20)
Longitude (X) International geographical co-ordinates in decimal degrees format double
Latitude (Y) International geographical co-ordinates in decimal degrees format double
CatchmentArea Catchment area upstream of the station, in kilometres squared double
Altitude Altitude of station in metres above sea level. double
ReferenceStation Reference station type, found in catchments or associated River Basin Districts with little or no human activity, natural landscape higher than 90%, and minimally impacted by inflow from adjacent coastal or marine waters. text(1)
RepresentativeStation Representative station type, reflecting the general quality of lakes text(1)
LargestStation Largest, most important station type, including the nationally most important or well known lakes. text(1)
ImpactStation Impact station type, located within the zone where initial mixing of discharges takes place with receiving waters. text(1)
FluxStation Flux station type, used for assessment of international, transboundary loads or loads entering Europe's Seas. text(1)
Geology The dominating geology in the catchment, given according to the WFD Annex 2 categories: Siliceous, calcareous or organic (peat). text(20)
WaterColourAverage Long-term average concentration of water colour, expressing the concentration of humic substances at the station. double
WaterColourLevel Average level of water colour as defined by the WFD intercalibration typology. Low (<30 mg/l Pt = oligohumic), moderate (30-90 mg/l Pt = mesohumic) or high (>90 mg/l Pt = polyhumic). text(10)
AlkalinityAverage Long-term average of alkalinity of water at the station double
AlkalinityLevel Long-term average level of alkalinity as defined by the WFD intercalibration typology. Low alk. (<0.2 meq/L), moderate alk. (0.2-1 meq/L) or high alk. (>1 meq/L). text(10)
HMWB River is identified as heavily modified in terms of hydromorphological impacts, such as impoundments and high water level fluctuations, according to WFD-compliant national guidelines text(1)
ArtificialWB Station is located in an artificial water body, (e.g. artificial water reservoir) in terms of hydromorphological impacts, such as impoundments and high water level fluctuations, according to WFD- compliant national guidelines. text(1)
Purpose The purpose of the monitoring station in terms of to which directives, conventions or agreements will the data from the station be used for reporting. text(255)
RiverLength River length from monitoring station to source in km. double
RiverDischarge Mean long term annual river discharge in m3 /s at the monitoring statio double
SubsiteLocation Location of the river sub-site in relation to the principal monitoring site text(50)
Remarks Remarks, comments or explanatory notes text(255)
QA_station_problem Quality assurance field - stations data quality issues flag List of codes of rules violated by record. Details are explained in the QA documentation text(50)
QA_datatype_error Quality assurance field - data type and data definition errors List of field names and their values where values that do not follow the official specifications. Details are explained in the QA documentation text(150)

Additional information

Tables metadata

Definition and field description of all data tables.

Country codes and abbreviations (36 records)

Table contains list of ISO 3166 alpha 2 code elements used in Waterbase-Rivers version 10

QA documentation

Quality control documentation briefly presents ETC/Water and EEA activities focused on quality of Waterbase-Rivers dataset and results of these activities. In addition warning is given on the use of certain records for analytical purposes.

Metadata

Additional information

Waterbase contains timely, reliable and policy-relevant data collected from EEA member countries through the WISE-SoE data collection (formerly known as Eurowaternet and Eionet-Water) process. WISE-SoE data collection selects validated monitoring data from national databases and adds information on the physical characteristics of the water bodies being monitored and on the pressures potentially affecting water quality. The added value of Waterbase is that data collected through the WISE-SoE data collection process are from statistically stratified monitoring stations and groundwater bodies and are comparable at the European level. Waterbase data are primarily used in the production of the EEA's indicator-based factsheets.

 

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100