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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Datasets / AirBase - The European air quality database

AirBase - The European air quality database

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AirBase is the air quality information system maintained by the EEA through the European topic centre on Air and Climate Change. It contains air quality data delivered annually under 97/101/EC Council Decision establishing a reciprocal exchange of information and data from networks and individual stations measuring ambient air pollution within the Member States (EoI Decision).

European data

AirBase stations

[+] Show table definition (records:   7379)

Field name Data type Primary key
Station_european_code varchar(7) Yes
Country_iso_code varchar(2) No
Country_name varchar(60) No
Emep_station varchar(3) No
Lau_level1_code varchar(10) No
Lau_level2_code varchar(10) No
Lau_level2_name nvarchar(255) No
Station_altitude int(4) No
Station_city nvarchar(255) No
Station_end_date varchar(10) No
Station_latitude_deg numeric(13) No
Station_local_code varchar(12) No
Station_longitude_deg numeric(13) No
Station_name nvarchar(70) No
Station_ozone_classification varchar(40) No
Station_start_date varchar(10) No
Station_subcat_rural_back varchar(60) No
Station_type_of_area varchar(60) No
Street_type varchar(60) No
Type_of_station varchar(40) No
AirBase statistics

[+] Show table definition (records:   2019959)

Field name Data type Primary key
Component_code int(4) Yes
Measurement_european_group_code varchar(5) Yes
Station_european_code varchar(7) Yes
Statistic_name varchar(40) Yes
Statistics_average_group varchar(40) Yes
Statistics_year int(4) Yes
Component_caption varchar(50) No
Component_name varchar(50) No
Measurement_unit varchar(10) No
Statistic_shortname varchar(15) No
Statistic_value numeric(13) No
Statistics_calculated varchar(3) No
Statistics_number_valid int(4) No
Statistics_percentage_valid numeric(13) No
Statistics_period varchar(32) No
Unit_value varchar(10) No
AirBase measurement configurations

[+] Show table definition (records:   43597)

Field name Data type Primary key
Component_code int(4) Yes
Measurement_european_code varchar(5) Yes
Station_european_code varchar(7) Yes
Calibration_description varchar(255) No
Calibration_frequency int(4) No
Calibration_method varchar(255) No
Calibration_unit nvarchar(255) No
Component_caption varchar(50) No
Component_fwd varchar(3) No
Component_name varchar(50) No
Height_sampling_point int(4) No
Integration_time_frequency float(8) No
Integration_time_unit varchar(255) No
Length_sampling_line int(4) No
Location_sampling_point varchar(255) No
Measurement_automatic varchar(3) No
Measurement_end_date varchar(10) No
Measurement_equipment nvarchar(255) No
Measurement_european_group_code varchar(5) No
Measurement_group_end_date varchar(10) No
Measurement_group_start_date varchar(10) No
Measurement_latest_airbase varchar(10) No
Measurement_start_date varchar(10) No
Measurement_technique_principle varchar(80) No
Measurement_unit varchar(10) No
Sampling_time int(4) No
Sampling_time_unit varchar(50) No

European data (XML)

Data by country

Austria
  • Austria
France
  • France
Germany
  • Germany
Italy
  • Italy
Spain
  • Spain
United Kingdom
  • United Kingdom

Additional information

INSPIRE compliant metadata set

Metadata

Additional information

AirBase is the air quality information system maintained by the EEA through the European topic centre on Air and Climate Change. It contains air quality data delivered annually under 97/101/EC Council Decision establishing a reciprocal exchange of information and data from networks and individual stations measuring ambient air pollution within the Member States ( EoI Decision). The EoI Decision distinguishes between information which must be transmitted in particular relating to the Directive on Air Quality (96/62/EC) and information that must be submitted where it is available. The four annexes in the EoI Decision (list of pollutants, statistical parameters and units of measurement; information concerning networks, stations and measurement techniques; data validation procedure and quality assurance; criteria for the aggregation of data and the calculation of statistical parameters) were amended by Commission Decision 2001/752/EC and its corrigendum. The EEA requests all its member and collaborating countries to provide the information foreseen by the EoI Decision because air pollution is a pan European issue and the EEA produces assessments of air quality, which cover the whole geographical area of Europe.

 

Related content

Figures produced

Used in indicators

Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment. The risk is estimated by reference to the 'critical level' for ozone for each location, this being a quantitative estimate of the exposure to these pollutants below which significant and harmful effects do not occur in the long term at present knowledge. The fraction of agricultural crops that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of ozone in excess of the EU target value and long-term objective set for the protection of vegetation is also shown. Eutrophication and acidification Critical loads of acidity and of nutrient nitrogen are employed to describe exposure to acidification and to eutrophication for forests and semi-natural areas in Europe, including Natura 2000 sites. The area where the deposition of acidifying and eutrophying pollutants is in exceedance of critical loads provides also an indication of the extent of European ecosystem area which is at risk of damage to biodiversity. By analysing the change of exceedances over time (comparative static analysis) an indication of the effects of changing air pollutant emissions over time is obtained. The magnitude of the exceedance (deposition minus critical load) is an important input to the dynamic modelling of time delays in damage. Inversely, once critical loads are no longer exceeded, recovery may take some time as well. By including the risk to be met within a legislative target and year the distance from this target can be evaluated. Ozone AOT40 is 'Accumulated ozone exposure over a threshold of 40 ppb'. The indicator shows the ecosystem or crop areas at risk of exposure to harmful levels of ozone as a consequence of air pollution. The risk is estimated by referring to the 'critical level' of ozone for sensitive areas. Thus, the indicator is a quantitative estimate of the exposure to ozone below which significant and harmful effects do not occur in the long term according to present knowledge. The fraction of agricultural crops that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of ozone in excess of the EU target value set for the protection of vegetation is also shown.
Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas The indicator shows the fraction of the urban population that is potentially exposed to ambient air [1] concentrations of pollutants [2] in excess of the EU limit value set for the protection of human health. The urban population considered is the total number of people living in cities with at least one monitoring station at a background location. The population data applied for the indicator derives from the Urban Audit , which is conducted at the initiative of the Directorate-General for Regional Policy at the European Commission, in cooperation with Eurostat and the national statistical offices of the 27 current Member States. Currently, the Urban Audit involve more than 620 European cities in 30 EEA member countries. The Urban Audit contains data for over 250 indicators across nine domains (e.g. demography, social aspects, environment, travel and transport). The Urban Audit aims at a balanced and representative sample of cities in Europe. To obtain such a selection, a few simple rules are applied: 1. Approximately 20% of the national population should be covered by the Urban Audit. 2. All capital cities were included. 3. Where possible, regional capitals were included. 4. Both large (more than 250 000 inhabitants) and medium-sized cities (minimum 50 000 and maximum 250 000 inhabitants) were included. 5. The selected cities should be geographically dispersed within each Member State. The selection of cities was prepared in close collaboration between the Directorate-General for Regional Policy, Eurostat and the national statistical institutes. To ensure that large and medium-sized cities are equally represented in the Urban Audit, in some of the larger Member States not all large cities could be included. The Urban Audit works with three different spatial levels: the core city, the larger urban zone (LUZ) and the sub-city district (SCD). For CSI 004 only the the core city level is considered, which is the most important level. To ensure that this level is directly relevant to policy makers and politicians, political boundaries were used to define the city level. In many countries these boundaries are clearly established and well-known. As a result, for most cities the boundary used in the Urban Audit corresponds to the general perception of that city. Due to the highly diverse nature of political boundaries in the European Union, for some cities the political boundary does not correspond to the general perception of that city. In a few cities, Dublin for example, the political boundary of the city is narrower than the general perception of that city. Exceedance of air quality limit values occurs when the concentration of air pollutants exceeds the limit values specified in the first Daughter Directive of the Air Quality Framework Directive for SO 2 , PM 10 [3], NO 2 and the target values for O 3 as specified in the third Daughter Directive. Where there are multiple limit values (see section on Policy Targets), the indicator uses the most stringent case: Sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ): the daily limit value; Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ): the annual limit value; Particulate matter (PM 10 ): the daily limit value; Ozone (O 3 ): the target value. [1] 'Ambient air' shall mean outdoor air in the troposphere, excluding work places. [2] 'pollutant' shall mean any substance introduced directly or indirectly by man into the ambient air and likely to have harmful effects on human health and/or the environment as a whole. [3] 'PM 10 ' shall mean particulate matter which passes through a size-selective inlet with a 50 % efficiency cut-off at 10 microgram aerodynamic diameter.
Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (version 1) Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (version 1) The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of acidification, eutrophication and ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment. The risk is estimated by reference to the 'critical load' for acidification and eutrophication and 'critical level' for ozone for each location, this being a quantitative estimate of the exposure to these pollutants below which significant and harmful such effects do not occur in the long term at present knowledge. Two critical loads, for acidity and for nutrient nitrogen, are employed to describe exposure to acidification and to eutrophication respectively. The area over which the deposition of acidifying and eutrophying pollutants is in exceedance of critical loads provides an indication of the ecosystem area in which such damage could occur. The magnitude of the potential risk is displayed as the percentage of total ecosystem areas exposed to exceedence of these critical loads.  By showing the change in risk over time, the state of change in acidification and eutrophication is displayed. By including the risk to be met within a legislative target and year the distance from this target is displayed. The fraction of agricultural crops  that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of ozone in excess of the EU target value set for the protection of vegetation is also shown.
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100