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SOER Message (Deprecated) Understanding climate change — key message 1
Global mean temperature in 2009 was 0.7-0.8 °C higher than in pre-industrial times and the decade 2000-2009 was the warmest on record. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded in 2007 that most of the global warming since the middle of the 20th century is very likely to have been due to human influences.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Publication Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
Average global air and ocean temperatures are rising, leading to the melting of snow and ice and rising global mean sea level. Ocean acidification results from higher CO2 concentrations. With unabated greenhouse gas emissions, climate change could lead to an increasing risk of irreversible shifts in the climate system with potentially serious consequences. Temperature rises of more than 1.5–2 °C above pre-industrial levels are likely to cause major societal and environmental disruptions in many regions. The atmospheric CO2 concentration needs to be stabilised at 350–400 parts per million (ppm) in order to have a 50 % chance of limiting global mean temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels (according to the IPCC in 2007, and confirmed by later scientific insights).
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
Figure Measured and projected concentration of all greenhouse gases (left) and Kyoto greenhouse gases (right)
Graphs show observed and projected green house gases. Projections are made using all main IPCC SRES scenarios
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Antarctic temperature change and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration (CO2) over the past 800 000 years
The record is derived from several ice cores from the Antarctic ice sheet, some more than 3 km long
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sea-level changes in Europe October 1992-May 2007
Based on satellite data; trends in mm/year, inverted barometer included, seasonal signal removed
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure C source code Modelled remains of the glacier cover in the European Alps for an increase in average summer air temperature of 1 to 5 oC
Modelled remains of the Alpine glacierisation (climatic accumulation area) according to an increase in summer air temperature of +1 to +5 °C. The total of 100% refers to the ice cover of the reference period (1971–90). The 100%-marks of the other lines refer to the fraction of glacierisation of the corresponding Alpine country. Reading example: A rise in summer air temperature of 3 °C would reduce the Alpine ice cover (red curve) to about 20% of the glacier cover of the reference period (1971–90). The corresponding glacier remains of Switzerland (blue, dashed line) amounts to about 30%, whereas in Austria (black, dashed line) only about 7% of the glacier cover of the reference period is left.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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