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Figure BOD5 concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2008 in different geographic regions of Europe
Concentrations are expressed as the average of annual mean concentrations. Up to 3-year gaps of missing values have been interpolated or extrapolated. Only complete series with no missing values after this interpolation/extrapolation are included. The number of river monitoring stations included in the analysis per geographic region is noted in brackets. BOD7 data (Estonia, Finland, Lithuania (1996-2008), Latvia (1996-2001)) has been recalculated into BOD5 data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure BOD5 concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2009 in different geographic regions of Europe
Concentrations are expressed as the average of annual mean concentrations. Up to 3-year gaps of missing values have been interpolated or extrapolated. Only complete series with no missing values after this interpolation/extrapolation are included. The number of river monitoring stations included in the analysis per geographic region is noted in brackets. BOD7 data (Estonia, Finland, Lithuania (1996-2009), Latvia (1996-2001)) has been recalculated into BOD5 data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Octet Stream Built-up land by major river catchment area
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in annual average river discharge for European river basins in the 2070s compared with 2000
Note: Two different climate models (ECHAM4 and HadCM3).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in the severity of river flow droughts in France 1960-2000
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Change in the severity of river flow droughts in Europe 1962-1990
The map shows change in the severity of river droughts
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Changes in water quality variables during the last two decades
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Chemical status (WFD 002) - Assessment DRAFT created Apr 2013
This indicator summarises the results from the Water Framework (WFD) River  Basin Management Plans (RBMP) on chemical status of groundwater and surface waters. The results should be interpreted cautiously, since chemical monitoring as reported in the first RBMPs was incomplete, and information is not always comparable between Member States.  The results from the first showed: Poor chemical status for groundwater, by area, is about 25 % across Europe. A total of 16 Member States have more than 10 % of groundwater bodies in poor chemical status; this figure exceeds 50 % in four Member States. Excessive levels of nitrate are the most frequent cause of poor groundwater status across much of Europe.   Poor chemical status for rivers, lakes, and transitional and coastal waters does not exceed 10 %, aggregated across Europe as a whole. Notably, the chemical status of many of Europe’s surface waters remains unknown, ranging between one third of lakes and more than half of transitional waters. A total of 10 Member States report poor chemical status in more than 20 % of rivers and lakes with known chemical status, whilst this figure rises to above 40 % in five Member States. A total of 10 Member States report poor chemical status in more than 20 % of rivers and lakes with known chemical status, whilst this figure rises to above 40 % in five Member States.   Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a widespread cause of poor status in rivers. Heavy metals are also a significant contributor to poor status in rivers and lakes, with levels of mercury in Swedish freshwater biota causing 100 % failure to reach good chemical status. Industrial chemicals such as the plasticiser di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and pesticides also constitute widespread causes of poor chemical status in rivers.  Six Member States report poor chemical status in transitional waters to be more than 50 % of the water bodies with known chemical status. PAHs, the antifouling biocide tributyltin (TBT) and heavy metals are the most common culprits.  Six Member States report all their coastal waters as having good chemical status, although in five others, poor chemical status exceeds 90 % of those water bodies with a known chemical status. A variety of pollutant groups contribute to poor status in coastal waters, reflecting a diverse range of sources.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Chemical status
Figure D source code Chemical status of rivers and lakes per RBD — percentage of water bodies not achieving good chemical status
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Chemical status of rivers and lakes
The graphs illustrate the chemical status of river and lake water bodies as percentage of water bodies in poor and good chemical status, by count of water bodies.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100