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Article The electric car — a green transport revolution in the making?
The electric car finally seems to be on the verge of breaking through, offering significant environmental benefits, especially in urban areas. Innovative business models are on the way which should boost consumer acceptance and overcome the remaining barriers, such as high battery costs, green electricity supply and charging infrastructure.
Located in Articles
Figure Gross electricity generation by fuel in the EU
The figure on the right represents a zoom of the figure on the left, for renewable sources only.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total energy intensity (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Total energy intensity (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Cost structure of nuclear power projects
Cost structure of nuclear power projects
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Cost estimates on final disposal (million euros)
Estimated operational costs range from €ct1,2/kWhe to €2,0/kWhe, including dismantling and waste disposal. Costs for insurance may make up 30% of total operational costs. The table shows the cost estimates for final disposal of spent fuel in Finland (5,600 tonnes HM).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Average annual percentage change in final electricity consumption, EU-27, 1990-2009
Average annual percentage change in final electricity consumption, EU-27, 1990-2009
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Specification Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity and heat production
The energy efficiency of conventional thermal electricity production (which includes both public plants and autoproducers) is defined as the ratio of transformation outputs from conventional thermal power stations ( electricity and heat) to transformation input to conventional thermal power stations (%).  The output from conventional thermal power stations consists of gross electricity generation and also of any heat sold to third parties (Combined heat and power plants) by conventional thermal public power stations (public or main activity), district heating, and autoproducer thermal power stations. The gross electricity generation is measured at the outlet of the main transformers, i.e. the consumption of electricity in the plant auxiliaries and in transformers is included. Public supply is defined as undertakings which generate electricity (and heat) for sale to third parties as their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings which generate electricity wholly or partly for their use as an activity which supports their primary activity (e.g. industrial processes). Fuel inputs include solid fuels (i.e. coal, lignite and equivalents), oil and other liquid hydrocarbons, gas, thermal renewables (industrial and municipal waste, wood waste, biogas and geothermal energy) and other non-renewable waste.
Located in Data and maps Indicators
Policy Document Ecodesign Directive
DIRECTIVE 2009/125/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Figure Share of electricity production by fuel type, 1990-2008 (%), EU-27
The total electricity produced from natural gas increased by 592 TWh (274 %) between 1990 and 2008, at an annual average growth rate of 7.6 %. The primary motive for the switch to gas was economic, with low gas prices for much of the 1990s compared to coal and stricter environmental legislation. Because of this, significant investments were made in the transportation infrastructure for the delivery of gas from within and outside the EU-27. This rapid increased in gas demand also contributed to the increase in fossil fuels imports.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of renewable energy to final energy consumption, 1993-2008
The share of renewable energy in final energy consumption in the EU-27 reached 10.4% in 2008, which is representing about half of the target for 2020
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100