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Daviz Visualization Projected changes in Northern Hemisphere September sea ice extent
Changes in Northern Hemisphere September sea ice extent as simulated by CMIP5 models over the 21st century under different emission scenarios (RCPs). Sea ice extent is defined as the total ocean area where sea ice concentration exceeds 15% and is calculated on the original model grids. The solid curves show the 5-year running mean mean under the emission scenarios RCP2.6 (blue) and RCP8.5 (red) based on those models that most closely reproduce the climatological mean state and 1979 to 2012 trend of the Arctic sea ice and the shading denotes the uncertainty range. The mean and associated uncertainties averaged over 2081−2100 are given for all RCP scenarios as colored vertical bars. For completeness, the CMIP5 multi-model mean for RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 is indicated with dotted lines. The dashed line represents nearly ice-free conditions. Adapted from Figure SPM7(b) in the Working Group I contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Triggers of adaptation (Question 3; n=30 responding countries; five countries identifying four triggers instead of three as requested)
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Sectors covered in national and sectoral assessments of risk and vulnerability (Question 17; n (national)=27 responding countries; n (sectoral led by ministries)=19 responding countries; n (sectoral led by private sector)=7 responding countries)
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
SPARQL Trend in heating degree days
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations Semantic Data Service (sparql repository)
Figure Climate analysis map for the Stuttgart region, also showing so-called ventilation paths along with other climate related features
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Troff document Percentage of the city that would be flooded in case rivers rise one metre
Percentage of the city that would be flooded in case water in rivers rises 1 m (only cities > 100 000 hab). The city is defined by its biophysical delineation (Urban Morphological Zone) inside the core city boundaries (Urban Audit). The background shows the relative change in 100-year return level of river discharge. Neither coastal floods nor flood protection measures are considered in the calculations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Octet Stream Precipitation deficit in summer (JJA) and winter (DJF) for the periods 2021–2040, 2041–2060 and 2061–2080
Precipitation deficit in summer (JJA) and winter (DJF) for the periods in the future 2021-2040, 2041-2060 and 2061-2080.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Trend in yearly cumulated melting area of the Greenland ice sheet
The figure shows the change in yearly cumulated area of the Greenland ice sheet and it's melt during the period 1979 to 2011 in percentage relative to area in 1979=100. The linear trend 1979–2011 is included.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Global and European temperature (CSI 012/CLIM 001/CLIM 003) - Assessment published Aug 2014
Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C to 0.81 °C warmer than the pre-industrial average. The rate of change in global average temperature has been close to the indicative limit of 0.2°C per decade in recent decades. Variations of global mean near-surface temperature on decadal time scales are strongly influenced by natural factors. Over the last 10-15 years global near-surface temperature rise has been slower than in previous decades. This recent slow-down in surface warming is due in roughly equal measure to reduced radiative forcing from natural factors (volcanic eruptions and solar activity) and to a cooling contribution from internal variability within the climate system (the redistribution of heat to the deeper ocean). The Arctic region has warmed significantly more rapidly than the global mean, and this pattern is projected to continue into the future. The best estimate for further rises in global average temperature over this century is from 1.0 to 3.7°C above the period 1971-2000 for the lowest and highest representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios. The uncertainty ranges for the lowest and highest RCP are 0.3–1.7°C and 2.6–4.8°C, respectively. The EU and UNFCCC target of limiting global average temperature increase to less than 2°C above the pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded between 2042 and 2050 by the three highest of the four IPCC scenarios (RCPs). Europe Annual average temperature across the European land areas has warmed more than global average temperature, and slightly more than global land temperature. The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2004–2013) is 1.3°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest decade on record. Annual average land temperature over Europe is projected to continue increasing by more than global average temperature over the rest of this century, by around 2.4 °C and 4.1 °C under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 respectively. Extremes of cold have become less frequent in Europe while warm extremes have become more frequent. Since 1880 the average length of summer heat waves over western Europe doubled and the frequency of hot days almost tripled.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Global and European temperature
Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Apr 2012
In 2009, the share of renewable energy in final gross energy consumption (with normalised hydro and wind) [1] in the EU-27 was 11.7 % up from 6% in 1990, representing nearly 60 % of the 20 % target set in the EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2009, 13.1% of total final heat consumption (6.6% in 1990), 19.6% of electricity consumption (up from 11.8% in 1990) and 4.1% of transport fuels consumption (up from 0.02% in 1993) [2] . [1] Gross final consumption of energy is defined in Directive 2009/28/EC on renewable sources as energy commodities delivered for energy purposes to final consumers (industry, transport, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries), including the consumption of electricity and heat by the energy branch for electricity and heat production and including losses of electricity and heat in distribution and transmission. [2] The gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources is calculated as the sum of: (a) gross final consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources; (b) gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources for heating and cooling; and (c) final consumption of energy from renewable sources in transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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