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Publication application/vnd.symbian.install The European environment – state and outlook 2010: Synthesis
The SOER 2010 Synthesis provides an overview of the European environment's state, trends and prospects, integrating the main findings of SOER 2010.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Synthesis
Publication Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
Land use shapes our environment in positive and negative ways. Productive land is a critical resource for food and biomass production and land use strongly influences soil erosion and soil functions such as carbon storage. Land management largely determines the beauty of Europe's landscapes. It is important therefore to monitor land cover and land-use change through tools such as Corine land cover. Data on land-cover change in Europe from 2000–2006 show that growth in built-up areas and forest land leads to a continued loss of agricultural land. In turn, global economic and environmental change will increasingly influence the way Europeans use land (e.g. as communities work to mitigate and adapt to climate change). Policy responses are needed to help resolve conflicting land-use demands and to guide land-use intensity to support environmental land management.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
SOER Message (Deprecated) Biodiversity — key message 3
Land-use change and intensification are causing further fragmentation and homogenisation of forests and agro-ecosystems. Although some decline in freshwater nutrients has been observed, eutrophication of terrestrial ecosystems continues to be a matter of concern as shown by excess atmospheric nitrogen deposition in all EU countries.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Biodiversity — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 2
Land use trends since 2000 remain the same as in the previous decade but most have slowed down somewhat. Urban areas, infrastructure and forest cover are still increasing at the expense of agricultural land. Farmland is often managed more intensively partly due to growing demand for bio-energy crops. Biodiversity-rich natural and semi-natural areas continue to decline, mostly becoming forested.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 1
Land is a finite resource and the way it is used is one of the principal drivers of environmental change, with significant impacts on quality of life and ecosystems as well as on the management of infrastructure. In turn, environmental change will increasingly influence the way Europeans use land as communities work to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 3
Land uptake by urban development and transport infrastructure has been slightly faster than in the previous decade. This continues the trend of landscape fragmentation and increases other environmental impacts. Urbanisation rates vary substantially, with coastal and mountain areas among the most affected regions in Europe.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 5
Land use decisions involve trade-offs between the current high attention to food and energy security, and more policy emphasis on multi-functionality taking into account ecosystem and natural resource management objectives. The diversity of land resources and the sustainable use of territorial assets is an aspect of the EU territorial cohesion objective. This will require targeted goals and measures, supported by spatial data and analysis.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 6
The understanding of the relationship between land use and environmental impacts must be improved. There is a need to assess inherent trade-offs and feed-backs between land use and ecosystem services, including indirect land use effects (Europe’s external footprint) and climate change.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 4
Current land use trends are likely to continue though possibly at a lower rate, with built-up area increasing at the expense of agricultural land uses and natural areas. Within agriculture, arable land for food and energy crops is likely to gain share at the expense of grassland and permanent crops over the next decade. This would have significant environmental implications.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Agricultural land use intensity
The map show the agricultural land use intensity
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100