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Indicator Assessment Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (CSI 005) - Assessment published May 2012
Eutrophication The magnitude of the risk of ecosystem eutrophication and its geographical coverage has diminished only slightly over the years. The predictions for 2010 and 2020 indicate that the risk is still widespread over Europe. This is in conflict with the EU's long-term objective of not exceeding critical loads of airborne acidifying and eutrophying substances in sensitive ecosystem areas (National Emission Ceilings Directive, 6th Environmental Action Programme, Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution). Acidification The situation has considerably improved and it is predicted to improve further. The interim environmental objective for 2010 (National Emission Ceilings Directive) will most likely not be met completely. However, the European ecosystem areas where the critical load will be exceeded is predicted to have declined by more than 80 % in 2010 with 1990 as a base year. By 2020, it is expected that the risk of ecosystem acidification will only be an issue at some hot spots, in particular at the border area between the Netherlands and Germany. Ozone (O 3 ) Most vegetation and agricultural crops are exposed to ozone levels exceeding the long-term objective given in the EU Air Quality Directive. A significant fraction is also exposed to levels above the 2010 target value defined in the Directive. Concentrations in 2008 were on the average higher than in 2007. The effect-related accumulated concentrations, addressing exposure of crops to ozone over several summer months, shows large year-to-year variations, there is a non-significance tendency to increase.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone
Figure Sector split for emissions of acidifying pollutants (EEA member countries), 2002
The EEA32 country grouping includes EEA31 member countries + Croatia
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Figure Sector split of emissions of acidifying pollutants (EEA member countries)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Attainment situation for PM2.5, reference years 2010, 2005, 2001
The graphs are based on the annual mean concentration values; they present the range of concentrations at all station types (in μg/m3) officially reported by the EU Member States and how the concentrations relate to the target value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data.
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Figure Daily variation (in μg/m3) of PM10 concentrations in 2009
The daily variation and exceedances of PM10 concentrations during 2009 at a monitoring station that is directly affected by the port in each of these five European port cities. The red line shows the daily limit value. This illustrates significant exceedances.
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Figure Change in emission of acidifying substances (EFTA-3 and EU-15) compared with 2010 NECD targets (EU-15 only), 1990-2002
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Figure Change in emissions of acidifying substances compared with the 2010 NECD targets (EU-15 and EFTA-3)
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Figure Total particulate emissions by economic sector for EEA country groupings in 2004, and contributions from each sector and pollutant to total change since 1990
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Figure Changes in emissions of primary and secondary fine particles (EFTA-3 and EU-15), 1990-2002
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Figure Change in emission of primary and secondary fine particles 1990-2004 (%), (EU-15 and EFTA-3)
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100