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Figure Change in emissions of ozone precursors compared with the 2010 NECD and Gothenburg protocol targets (EEA member countries)
Gothenburg protocol targets are shown for the non-EU countries (e.g Switzerland and Norway). Neither Iceland nor Turkey has signed the Gothenburg protocol. Liechtenstein has signed but not yet ratified the Gothenburg protocol. NOx data are not available for Liechtenstein.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure PGP keys Sector split of emissions of ozone precursors (EEA member countries; EU-15; New EU-12; Other EEA countries (EFTA-4 and Turkey))
Due to numerical rounding, values may not add exactly to 100%
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Press Release New maps give Europeans close-up picture of air pollution from diffuse sources
New online maps published today by the European Commission and the European Environment Agency, in close cooperation with the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) of the Joint Research Centre, allow citizens to pinpoint the main diffuse sources of air pollution, such as transport and aviation. The new set of 32 maps shows where certain pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter are released. It complements existing data on emissions from individual industrial plants from the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR). The Europe-wide register aims to help Europeans actively engage in decisions affecting the environment.
Located in Media News
Figure Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with ozone concentrations over the long-term objective for protection of human health, 1997-2009 (EU-27)
The target value is 120 µg O3/m3 as daily maximum of 8 hour mean, not to be exceeded more than 25 days per calendar year, averaged over three years and to be achieved where possible by 2010. Over the years 1997-2009 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 47 to 114 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
GIS Map Application Particulate Matter (PM2.5): annual mean concentrations in Europe
The map shows annual mean concentrations of Particulate Matter (PM2.5) in Europe based on daily averages with at least 75% of valid measurements, in µg/m3 (source: EEA, AirBase v.8)
Located in Environmental topics Air pollution Interactive maps and data viewers
Article Indoor air quality
Many of us might spend up to 90 % of our day indoors — at home, work or school. The quality of the air we breathe indoors also has a direct impact on our health. What determines indoor air quality? Is there any difference between outdoor and indoor air pollutants? How can we improve indoor air quality?
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2013 Articles
GIS Map Application Sulphur Dioxide (SO2): annual mean concentrations in Europe
The map shows the annual mean concentrations of Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) in Europe based on daily averages with at least 75% of valid measurements, in µg/m3 (source: EEA, AirBase v.8).
Located in Environmental topics Air pollution Interactive maps and data viewers
Article Europe’s air today
Europe has improved its air quality in recent decades. Emissions of many pollutants were curbed successfully, but particulate matter and ozone pollution in particular continue to pose serious risks to the health of Europeans.
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2013 Articles
GIS Map Application D source code Cadmium (Cd): annual mean concentrations in Europe
The map shows the annual mean concentrations of Cadmium (Cd) in Europe for the air quality stations with at least 14% of valid measurements, in ng/m3 (source: EEA, AirBase v.8)
Located in Environmental topics Air pollution Interactive maps and data viewers
Indicator Assessment Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (CSI 005) - Assessment published Dec 2013
Eutrophication The magnitude of the risk of ecosystem eutrophication and its geographical coverage has diminished only slightly over the years. The predictions for 2010 and 2020 indicate that the risk is still widespread over Europe. This is in conflict with the EU's long-term objective of not exceeding critical loads of airborne acidifying and eutrophying substances in sensitive ecosystem areas (National Emission Ceilings Directive, 6th Environmental Action Programme, Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution). Acidification The situation has considerably improved and it is predicted to improve further. The interim environmental objective for 2010 (National Emission Ceilings Directive) will most likely not be met completely. However, the European ecosystem areas where the critical load will be exceeded is predicted to have declined by more than 80 % in 2010 with 1990 as a base year. By 2020, it is expected that the risk of ecosystem acidification will only be an issue at some hot spots, in particular at the border area between the Netherlands and Germany. Ozone Most vegetation and agricultural crops are exposed to ozone levels exceeding the long term objective given in the EU Air Quality Directive. A significant fraction is also exposed to levels above the 2010 target value defined in the Directive. Compared to 2009, the ozone indicators show a mixed behavior  Averaged over all rural background stations, the concentration relevant for the exposure of crops is slightly higher. However, the agricultural area exposed to concentrations above the target value did not increase in 2009 and 2010 compared to previous years, but the area exposed to levels between 12 000 and 18 000 (µg/m 3 ).hour is larger than in the previous years. With respect to the exposure of forests, the concentrations are similar compared to previous years. The effect-related concentrations, addressing exposure of crops to ozone over several summer months, show large year-to-year variations. Over the period 1996-2010 there is a tendency to increased exposure until 2006; and a tendency to decreasing levels after 2006. However, due to the large year-to-year variations, this development has not proven to be statistically significant.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone
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