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Figure 4th highest 24-hour mean SO2 concentration observed at urban stations, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Denmark, Greece and Malta, are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of the EU urban population potentially exposed to NO2 concentration over the limit value set for protection of human health, 2002–2011
The NO2 monitoring data in AirBase provide the basis for estimating the exposure of the European population to exceedances of the NO2 annual mean limit value of 40 µg/m3. Figure 4.4 presents this data for the period 2002–2011, based on NO2 measured at urban background monitoring stations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Attainment situation for PM10, reference years 2010, 2005, 2001
The graphs are based on the 90.4 percentile of daily mean concentration values corresponding to the 36th highest daily mean; they present the range of concentrations at all station types (in μg/m3) officially reported by the EU Member States and how the concentrations relate to the limit value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure C source code header Trend in PM10 (left graph, 2001–2010) and PM2.5 (right graph, 2005–2010) concentrations per station type
All stations in EU Member States, with at least 75 % data coverage for at least eight years (PM10) or six years (PM2.5), were included in the analysis. Concentrations per station type are given in μg/m3. In the diagrams a geographical bias exists towards central Europe where there is a higher density of stations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure EU emissions of primary PM and of PM and O3 precursor gases not including carbon monoxide (a), 2001–2010
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, 2001-2010 (EU-27)
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3 and to be met by 2010. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 92 to 116 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus and Malta, are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Exposure of agricultural area to ozone (exposure expressed as AOT40 in (μg/m³).h) in EEA member countries
Exposure of agricultural area to ozone (exposure expressed as AOT40 in (μg/m3).hour) in EEA member countries . In the Air Quality Directive (2008/50/EC) the target value for protection of vegetation is set to 18000 (μg/m3).h while the long-term objective is set to 6000 (μg/m3).hour. Until 2006 Iceland, Norway Switzerland and Turkey have not been included in the analyses due to lack of detailed land cover data and/or rural ozone data, in 2007 Switzerland and Turkey are not included; since 2008 only Turkey is not included
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (CSI 005) - Assessment published Nov 2012
Eutrophication The magnitude of the risk of ecosystem eutrophication and its geographical coverage has diminished only slightly over the years. The predictions for 2010 and 2020 indicate that the risk is still widespread over Europe. This is in conflict with the EU's long-term objective of not exceeding critical loads of airborne acidifying and eutrophying substances in sensitive ecosystem areas (National Emission Ceilings Directive, 6th Environmental Action Programme, Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution). Acidification The situation has considerably improved and it is predicted to improve further. The interim environmental objective for 2010 (National Emission Ceilings Directive) will most likely not be met completely. However, the European ecosystem areas where the critical load will be exceeded is predicted to have declined by more than 80 % in 2010 with 1990 as a base year. By 2020, it is expected that the risk of ecosystem acidification will only be an issue at some hot spots, in particular at the border area between the Netherlands and Germany. Ozone (O 3 ) Most vegetation and agricultural crops are exposed to ozone levels exceeding the long term objective given in the EU Air Quality Directive. A significant fraction is also exposed to levels above the 2010 target value defined in the Directive. Concentrations in 2009 were on the average lower than in 2008. The effect-related accumulated concentrations, addressing exposure of crops to ozone over several summer months, shows large year-to-year variations. Over the period 1996-2009 there is a tendency to increased exposure, although this development has not proven to be statistically significant.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone
Figure Percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
The figure shows percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Urban PM2.5 concentrations presented as multi-annual average in EU, 2009–2011
The three-year running mean of PM2.5 concentrations (2009–2011) is calculated as the average over all operational (sub) urban background stations within a Member State in the period 2009–2011. The orange dots correspond to AEI-values as provided by the EU Member States in the air quality questionnaire (reporting year 2011; reference period 2009–2011 except Poland: reference period 2010–2011).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
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