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Indicator Assessment Passenger transport demand (CSI 035/TERM 012) - Assessment published Dec 2014
Passenger transport demand in the EU-28 decreased by nearly 1.5 % between 2011 and 2012, following a slight downward trend since its peak in 2009, broken only by a 1 % increase in 2011. Car passenger travel remains the dominant mode, with a share well above 70 %. Air transport grew by 10 % in 2011, but stabilised in 2012. However, it retained its pre-crisis modal share (9 %). Rail passengers’ share has grown slightly in recent years, and accounted for 7 % in 2012, after the slight increase in the last two years (2011 and 2012). Land passenger transport demand in non-EU-28 countries kept  growing overall in 2012, with a 1.7 % growth in Iceland, and 1.5 % in Switzerland. Norwegian land transport demand figures remain stable, with car and rail demand growth (1.3 % and 3.6 % respectively) offsetting a 20.2 % loss in rail. The quick deterioration of rail passenger transport in Turkey (-22 % in 2012) was accompanied by a significant increase (6.2 % in 2012) in total land transport demand, sustained by a 10.5 % growth in car travel. It is worth noting that, according to Eurocontrol (Eurocontrol, 2014), Turkey is also the main driver of air passenger traffic growth in the European skies.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Passenger transport demand
Daviz Visualization Number of people exposed to transport noise
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Final energy consumption by transport modes
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Octet Stream Transport energy consumption
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Highlight object code Europe's transport network vulnerable to climate change
Disasters such as floods and storms have led to several high-profile disruptions of Europe's transport network over the last few years. As the climate changes, the transport system urgently needs to adapt, according to a new assessment.
Located in News
Highlight More action needed to reduce transport's environmental impact
The transport sector is still generating excessive greenhouse gas emissions and harmful levels of air pollution and noise, according to the latest edition of the European Environment Agency's annual report on environment and transport.
Located in News
Daviz Visualization object code Number of people exposed to transport noise
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Highlight CO2 emissions from new vans – revised data
In 2012, the average new van sold in the European Union emitted 180.2 g of carbon dioxide for every kilometre travelled, which is close to the 175 g CO2/km target to be gradually phased in between next year and 2017.
Located in News
Daviz Visualization Troff document Final energy consumption by transport modes
EU27 (MTOE)
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Transport energy consumption
EEA-33 excluding Iceland and Liechtenstein
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100