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SOER Message Understanding climate change — key message 2
Land and ocean sinks have taken up more than half of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions since 1800, but these natural sinks are vulnerable to climate and land-use change and are highly likely to take up less CO2 in future.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Understanding climate change — key message 3
The extent of Arctic summer sea ice has declined by about 10 % per decade since 1979. The extent of the minimum ice cover in September 2007 was half the size of the normal minimum extent in the 1950s; the third lowest minimum extent occurred in September 2010. The summer ice is also getting thinner and younger.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Understanding climate change — key message 4
Observed global mean sea level rise has accelerated over the past 15 years. From 2002 to 2009 the contributions of the Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets to sea level rise increased. In 2007 the IPCC projected a sea level rise of 0.18 to 0.59 m above the 1990 level by 2100 excluding the effects of dynamic ice sheet processes. Recent projections show a maximum increase of about 1.0 m by 2100, while higher values up to 2.0 m cannot be excluded.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Understanding climate change — key message 5
The vast majority of glaciers in Europe are in retreat. Glaciers in the Alps lost about two-thirds of their volume between 1850 and 2009. The glacierised area in the Alps is projected to decrease to about one-third of the present area for a further rise in Alpine summer temperature of 2 °C.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Understanding climate change — key message 6
Recent research suggests that several key components of the climate system could undergo irreversible change at significantly lower levels of global temperature increase than previously assessed. The most important of these “tipping elements” for Europe are the Greenland ice sheet, Alpine glaciers, and Arctic sea ice.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Mitigating climate change — key message 1
The EU emitted close to 5 billion tonnes (Gt) of CO2-equivalents in 2008. It contributes today around 12 % of annual global anthropogenic direct greenhouse gas emissions.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Mitigating climate change - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Sea-level changes in Europe October 1992-May 2007
Based on satellite data; trends in mm/year, inverted barometer included, seasonal signal removed
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Antarctic temperature change and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration (CO2) over the past 800 000 years
The record is derived from several ice cores from the Antarctic ice sheet, some more than 3 km long
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure C source code Modelled remains of the glacier cover in the European Alps for an increase in average summer air temperature of 1 to 5 oC
Modelled remains of the Alpine glacierisation (climatic accumulation area) according to an increase in summer air temperature of +1 to +5 °C. The total of 100% refers to the ice cover of the reference period (1971–90). The 100%-marks of the other lines refer to the fraction of glacierisation of the corresponding Alpine country. Reading example: A rise in summer air temperature of 3 °C would reduce the Alpine ice cover (red curve) to about 20% of the glacier cover of the reference period (1971–90). The corresponding glacier remains of Switzerland (blue, dashed line) amounts to about 30%, whereas in Austria (black, dashed line) only about 7% of the glacier cover of the reference period is left.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Measured and projected concentration of all greenhouse gases (left) and Kyoto greenhouse gases (right)
Graphs show observed and projected green house gases. Projections are made using all main IPCC SRES scenarios
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100