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Figure Phosphorus concentrations in rivers (orthophosphate) between 1992 and 2011 in different sea regions of Europe
The sea region data series are calculated as the average of annual mean concentrations for river monitoring stations in each sea region. The data thus represents rivers or river basins draining into that particular sea. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations per sea region is given in parentheses.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Changes in Phosphorus balance and GVA of agriculture in Europe 2000–2008 (EU16 + Norway)
The chart displays changes in emission of phosphorus from agriculture (expressed as phosphorus balance, P-balance) , and the economic output of agriculture and related services and activities expressed as the gross value added (GVA) in Europe between 2000 and 2008. Changes are expressed in %, where values for 2000=100 %.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trend in median total ammonium, total phosphorus and nitrate concentration of river water bodies, grouped by ecological status/potential class
Concentrations are expressed as a median of annual mean concentrations. Up to three-year gaps of missing values have been interpolated or extrapolated. Only complete series with no missing values after this interpolation/extrapolation are included. The number of time series/river stations is shown in parentheses. The trend for 1992 to 2010 for each of the ecological quality classes has been linearly extended to 2027 — or when the concentration level becomes negative.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Changes in Phosphorus balance and GVA of agriculture
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Average concentrations of nutrients in European groundwater and surface waters (1992-2011)
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Publication chemical/x-pdb Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
European marine regions include the north-east Atlantic and Arctic oceans, and the Mediterranean, Black and Baltic seas. Human activities — such as fishing, aquaculture and agriculture — and climate change cause large and severe impacts on Europe's coastal and marine ecosystems. The EU objective of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 has not been met in either the coastal or the marine environment. Recognising the need for an integrated ecosystem-based approach to reduce pressures, the EU Integrated Maritime Policy allows for the development of sea-related activities in a sustainable manner. Its environmental pillar, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, aims to deliver 'good environmental status' of the marine environment by 2020, and the Common Fisheries Policy will be reformed in 2012 with the aim of achieving sustainable fisheries. Complementary policy efforts include the EU Water Framework Directive and other freshwater legislation, and the Habitats and Birds Directives.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Publication Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The continuing presence of a range of pollutants in a number of Europe's freshwaters threatens aquatic ecosystems and raises concerns for public health. Current reporting under the EU Water Framework Directive shows that a substantial proportion of Europe's freshwaters are at risk of not achieving the aim of 'good status' by 2015. Driven by the EU Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive (UWWTD), improvements in the collection and treatment of wastewater in some regions of Europe have led to a reduction in the discharge of some pollutants to fresh and coastal waters. Challenges remain, however, because UWWTD implementation remains incomplete and other significant sources of water pollution exist, especially agriculture and urban storm flows. The implementation of effective and timely measures, required under the WFD, needs to encompass a greater focus on controls 'at source' and the efficient use of resources including water, energy and chemicals.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Common environmental theme Freshwater - State and impacts (Finland)
Freshwater - State and Impacts
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Common environmental theme Freshwater - Drivers and pressures (Finland)
Freshwater - Drivers and Pressures
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment published Oct 2012
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2004. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 11% between 1992 and 2010 (from 2.5 to 2.2 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate as well as improvement in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being more than halved between 1992 and 2010 (54% decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2010 (by 31%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the beginning of the period, but is still ongoing. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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