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Daviz Visualization Change in global ocean heat content at different depths
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Changes in Northern Hemisphere September sea ice extent as simulated by CMIP5 models over the second half of the 20th century and the whole 21st century under RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6.0 and RCP8.5.
The solid curves show the multi-model means and the shading denotes the 5–95% range of the ensemble. The vertical line marks the end of CMIP5 historical climate change simulations. One ensemble member per model is taken into account in the analysis.Sea ice extent is defined as the total ocean area where sea ice concentration exceeds 15% and is calculated on the original model grids. Changes are relative to the reference period 1986–2005. The number of models available for each RCP is given in the legend. Also plotted (solid green curves) are the satellite data of Comiso and Nishio (2008, updated 2012) over 1979–2012.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Projected changes in Northern Hemisphere September sea ice extent
Changes in Northern Hemisphere September sea ice extent as simulated by CMIP5 models over the 21st century under different emission scenarios (RCPs). Sea ice extent is defined as the total ocean area where sea ice concentration exceeds 15% and is calculated on the original model grids. The solid curves show the 5-year running mean mean under the emission scenarios RCP2.6 (blue) and RCP8.5 (red) based on those models that most closely reproduce the climatological mean state and 1979 to 2012 trend of the Arctic sea ice and the shading denotes the uncertainty range. The mean and associated uncertainties averaged over 2081−2100 are given for all RCP scenarios as colored vertical bars. For completeness, the CMIP5 multi-model mean for RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 is indicated with dotted lines. The dashed line represents nearly ice-free conditions. Adapted from Figure SPM7(b) in the Working Group I contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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