Plankton bloom, Ireland and Great Britain
Published 29 Sep 2010
Last modified 03 Sep 2015, 02:38 PM
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This image shows the islands of Ireland and Great Britain in the Atlantic Oceans separated by the
Irish Sea, Prevailing winds from the south-west bring the influence of the warm Gulf Stream to this
area and create a temperate maritime dimate, contrary to other areas at the same latitude such
as Newfoundland or Belarus. In the water around Ireland plankton blooms occur frequently as
shown in this picture. Plankton is the bottom layer of the marine food chain and can sustain a rich
marine habitat. Phytoplankton plays an important role in global climate regulation, it absorbs large
amounts of carbon dioxide and releases oxygen. The oceans have become the principal repository
for carbon dioxide. The light shades in the water around Great Britain are sediment deposits.
Sediments are small particles that are usually transported via water or wind and settles in river
channels, on beach sands and in shallow waters.
acquired on 2 June by Envisat/MEPJS, ©ESA
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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