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Figure OpenDocument Spreadsheet Template Regional coincidence of some environmental pressures and impacts (hot spots)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Relative losses of agricultural areas to urbanisation
Graph showing estimated loss of agricultural land in 20 EU countries due to urbanization between 1990 and 2000 based on an analysis of CORINE Land Cover Data
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Salinisation in Europe, 1993
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sensitivity to desertification in the northern Mediterranean
Sensitivity to desertification and drought in the Mediterranean basin.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Pascal source code Sensitivity to desertification index map
Map from the DISMED project (Desertification Information System for the Mediterranean) showing the sensitivity to desertification and drought as defined by the sensitivity to desertification index (SDI) based on soil quality, climate and vegetation parameters.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Key fact Soil - key fact 2
Europe's soils store about 73 to 79 billion tonnes of carbon. Some 45 % of soils in Europe have a low or very low organic matter content (meaning 0-2 % organic carbon) and 45 % have a medium content (meaning 2-6 % organic carbon).
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
SOER Key fact Soil - key fact 3
Some authors estimate 36 % of European subsoils as having high or very high susceptibility to compaction. Other sources report 32 % of soils being highly vulnerable and 18 % moderately affected. (The use of heavy machinery in agriculture can induce ‘soil compaction’, which reduces its capacity to store and conduct water, makes it less permeable for plant roots and increases the risk of soil loss by water erosion.)
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
SOER Message Soil — key message 1
Soil is a largely non-renewable natural resource that underpins a range of vital ecosystem services. Soil organisms play a key role in soil processes, such as bio-geochemical cycles, organic matter decomposition, and nitrogen transformation. Maintaining soil biodiversity is therefore a key concern.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 3
Soil erosion by wind and water, largely the result of unsuitable land management, deforestation, overgrazing, construction activities and forest fires, affects around 17% of Europe’s land area. Erosion rates and extents are expected to continue to reflect changing patterns of land use and climate change.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 4
Soil is being lost due to intensive soil sealing – about 4% of Europe’s total land area is sealed and the demand for urbanisation and transport infrastructure is rising. In addition, it is estimated that around 18% of agricultural soils are affected by compaction.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100