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Figure Ecological footprint compared with biocapacity (left), and different components of the footprint (right) in EEA countries, 1961–2006
The ecological footprint is a measure of the area needed to support a population's lifestyle. This includes the consumption of food, fuel, wood, and fibres. Pollution, such as carbon dioxide emissions, is also counted as part of the footprint. Biocapacity measures how biologically productive land is. It is measured in 'global hectares': a hectare with the world average biocapacity. Biologically productive land includes cropland, pasture, forests and fisheries
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Article object code Turning the urban challenge into an opportunity
Copenhagen, 2 July 2011. Up to 150 mm of rainfall in two hours – a city record since measurements began in the mid-1800s. Homes destroyed. Citizens and emergency services struggled to cope. This is one example of how excessive extreme weather events can affect a European capital – events that are expected more often under climate change.
Located in Articles
Highlight Floodplain management: reducing flood risks and restoring healthy ecosystems
Floodplains once covered wide stretches along European rivers, but today only fractions of them remain. These ecosystems have an important role to play in reducing flood risks and are also the natural habitat of many endangered species. A new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) provides an overview of significant floods in Europe and looks at the role of floodplains in flood protection, water management and nature conservation.
Located in News
Publication EEA Briefing 2/2008 - Ecosystem services - accounting for what matters
Located in Publications
Publication Impacts of Europe's changing climate - 2008 indicator-based assessment
Located in Publications
Publication Climate change: the cost of inaction and the cost of adaptation
Located in Publications
Highlight New mapping method for 'green infrastructure', Europe's vital natural areas
Healthy natural areas often fulfil important yet unseen functions, from preventing floods to filtering air. A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) proposes a method for mapping this 'green infrastructure'.
Located in News
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100