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Figure The natural susceptibility for soils to compaction
The map shows the natural soil susceptibility to compaction
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure PostScript document Erosion rate in the Alps
The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) was applied to the whole alpine area. The model calculates annual soil loss (t ha-1 yr-1) based on Rainfall Erosivity Factor (MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr, Soil Erodibility Factor (t ha h ha-1 MJ-1 mm-1, Slope length Factor (dimensionless), Slope Factor (dimensionless), Cover Management Factor (dimensionless), Human Practices aimed at erosion control. The output grid cell is 100
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Variations in topsoil organic carbon content across Europe
The map shows the percentage of organic carbon content in the surface horizon of soils in Europe. The darker regions correspond to soils with high values of organic carbon. The darkest colours, especially in Estonia, Fennoscandinavia, Ireland and the United Kingdom, denote peatlands.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure The major soil types of Europe
The map shows the major soil types as defined by their WRB Reference Group name.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
Nearly all of the food and fibres used by humans are produced on soil. Soil is also essential for water and ecosystem health. It is second only to the oceans as a global carbon sink, with an important role in the potential slowing of climate change. Soil functions depend on a multitude of soil organisms which makes it an important part of our biodiversity. Nevertheless, soil in many parts of Europe is being over-exploited, degraded and irreversibly lost due to impacts from industrial activities and land use change, leading to soil sealing, contamination, erosion and loss of organic carbon. Due to these problems, legislation for the protection of soils has been proposed at EU level.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
SOER Message Soil — key message 6
Few countries have specific legislation to protect soil and there is no EU law or regulatory instrument that specifically addresses threats to it or requires the systematic collection of comparable data. The European Commission has published a strategy on soil protection, including legislative proposals, and further measures to support soil conservation within EU environmental and/or sectoral policies seem appropriate.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 5
Industrialisation and poor management have left thousands of contaminated sites throughout Europe, resulting in human health impacts and environmental problems including groundwater contamination. While some countries have made significant progress, the identification and remediation of contaminated sites in many countries is patchy, with limited progress over the past five years.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 4
Soil is being lost due to intensive soil sealing – about 4% of Europe’s total land area is sealed and the demand for urbanisation and transport infrastructure is rising. In addition, it is estimated that around 18% of agricultural soils are affected by compaction.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 3
Soil erosion by wind and water, largely the result of unsuitable land management, deforestation, overgrazing, construction activities and forest fires, affects around 17% of Europe’s land area. Erosion rates and extents are expected to continue to reflect changing patterns of land use and climate change.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Soil — key message 1
Soil is a largely non-renewable natural resource that underpins a range of vital ecosystem services. Soil organisms play a key role in soil processes, such as bio-geochemical cycles, organic matter decomposition, and nitrogen transformation. Maintaining soil biodiversity is therefore a key concern.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Soil — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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