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Figure Passenger transport modal split
Passenger transport modal split, excluding Liechtenstein
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Container traffic in European ports (2003)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Transport emissions of air pollutants in EEA member countries
Note: The transport emissions data include all of ´road transport´ and ´other transport/mobile sources´, less the ´memo´ items, which include international aviation (landing and take off, and cruise) and international marine (international sea traffic bunkers)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trend in freight transport demand and GDP
Green indicates faster growth in GDP than in transport while red indicates stronger growth in transport than in GDP. Figure 1 shows a large increase in freight tkm in 2004. This is due to a change in the methodology used to calculate the estimates for this year. (see metadata for more details) The main reason is that countries had to harmonise their surveys with the EU legislation, Freight transport demand is defined as the amount of inland tonnes-kilometre travelled every year in the EEA32. Inland freight transport includes transport by road, rail and inland waterways. The current version of the indicators is based on inland transport only. Although statistics on sea transport are already well developed, due to their predominantly international nature, there are conceptual difficulties in dealing with these modes in a manner consistent with the inland modes. Data from Lichtenstein is not included as it was not available as part of the dataset .The ratio of annual growth of inland freight transport to GDP, measured in 2000 prices, determines the amount of coupling between GDP and transport. The decoupling indicator, depicted by the green bars, is calculated as unity minus the coupling ratio; so a positive score indicates decoupling (i.e. transport demand grows less slowly than GDP), with a negative score showing the opposite (i.e. transport demand outpaces GDP growth).
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Figure Share of land freight transport by mode
Percentage share of land freight transport between road and rail transport mode for EU12, EU15 and combined EU27.
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Figure TERM19 Investment in Infrastructure (million Euro) in EEA member countries
Eurostat, OECD
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Figure Great differences in freight transport intensities
There is no data for Malta and Liechtenstein
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Figure Box plots representing the accessibility in minutes per massif
The green bars show values between the 25th and 75th percentiles. The vertical bars are the median
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Indicator Assessment Passenger transport demand (CSI 035/TERM 012) - Assessment published Dec 2013
Between 2010 and 2011, passenger transport demand in the EU-28 (without Croatia) increased by nearly 1 %, reaching a new all-time high, mainly attributed to a 10 % increase in aviation. Demand steadily increased between 1995 and 2009, but at a slower rate than GDP. The largest increases have been in air (66 %) and car (23 %) demand between 1995 and 2011. However, the economic recession led to a decline in 2009 and 2010 (0.1 %). The car dominates the land passenger transport share at 76 %, followed by air (9 %) bus and coach (8 %) and rail (6 %).  Croatia experienced a 16 % increase in land passenger transport over the period 2001 to 2011. Land passenger demand, for the non-EU EEA Member States, also showed high growth. In particular, Turkey and Iceland at 53 % and 21 % respectively, compared to 7 % for the EU-28. Regarding the modal split, Switzerland’s rail share has increased over the past decade, being around 18 % in 2011, by far the highest value within the EEA-33. Correspondingly, the share for car in Switzerland is below the EEA-33 average. Turkey has the highest modal share of bus and coach use within the EEA-33 although it declined from 60 % in 1995 to 44 % in 2011. Iceland and Norway have car shares well above the EEA-33 average at 89 % and 88 % respectively.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Passenger transport demand
Figure Energy efficiency progress in transport in the EU
The figure shows the energy efficiency progress in transport as ODEX index
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100