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Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020/WAT 003) - Assessment published Feb 2015
Since 2005, average nitrate concentrations in European groundwater have declined and in 2011, the mean concentration had almost returned to the 1992 level. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers declined by 0.03 milligrams per liter of nitrogen (mg N/l) (0.8%) per year over the period 1992 to 2012. The decline in nitrate concentration reflects the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate, as well as improvements in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentration in European rivers has decreased markedly over the last two decades (0.003 milligrams per liter of phosphorous (mg P/l) or 2.1% per year). Also, average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2012 (0.0004 mg P/l, or 0.8% per year). The decrease in phosphorus concentration reflects both improvements in wastewater treatment and the reduction of phosphorus in detergents.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Article reStructured Text The Year of the Forest: celebrating forests for people
1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. Forests are home to 300 million people worldwide
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2011 Articles
Article Sharing nature's riches
Of the 8.2 billion tonnes of materials consumed in EU-27 Member States in 2007, minerals accounted for 52 %, fossil fuels for 23 %, biomass for 21 % and metals for 4 % (SOER 2010)
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2011 Articles
Daviz Visualization Conservation status by main type of habitats
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Other instruments
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics An overview of Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Daviz Visualization Growth of the nationally designated protected areas and site number
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Data Natura 2000 data
This Natura 2000 database is an extract from the EUNIS database. It is a sub-sample of the European Natura 2000 database that holds information about sites designated by EU Member States under the Birds Directive (79/409/EEC) and the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC)
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure D source code CLC changes between 1990 and 2006 (km2)
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
File The fourth assessment: Presentation of the report at the Belgrade conference
Subtitled movie of the speech hold by Executive Director of the EEA Jacqueline McGlade during the presentation of the 4th pan-European assessment at the UNECE 6th Мinisterial Conference "Environment for Europe", in Belgrade, 10th of October 2007.
Located in Environmental topics Archive: the Belgrade ministerial conference Videos and interviews
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020/WAT 003) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Nitrate concentrations in Europe's groundwaters increased in the first half of 1990s and have then  remained relatively constant. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers has decreased approximately 10 % since 1998 from 2.8 to 2.5 mg N/l, reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. Nitrate levels in lakes are in general much lower than in rivers, but also in lakes there has been a 15 % reduction in the average nitrate concentration. Phosphorus concentrations in European rivers and lakes generally decreased during the last 14 years, reflecting the general improvement in wastewater treatment and reduced phosphate content of detergents over this period.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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