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Publication Europe's ecological backbone: recognising the true value of our mountains
Europe's mountain areas have social, economic and environmental capital of significance for the entire continent. This importance has been recognised since the late 19th century through national legislation; since the 1970s through regional structures for cooperation; and since the 1990s through regional legal instruments for the Alps and Carpathians. The European Union (EU) first recognised the specific characteristics of mountain areas in 1975 through the designation of Less Favoured Areas (LFAs). During the last decade, EU cohesion policy and the Treaty of Lisbon have both focused specifically on mountains.
Located in Publications
Animation (swf) Green tip - the log
Located in Media Audiovisuals
Publication application/x-troff-ms 10 messages for 2010 - Coastal ecosystems
Key messages: 1) As an interface between land and sea, European coastlines provide vital resources for wildlife, but also for the economy and human health and well-being. 2) Multiple pressures, including habitat loss and degradation, pollution, climate change and overexploitation of fish stocks, affect coastal ecosystems. 3) Coastal habitat types and species of Community interest are at risk in Europe; two thirds of coastal habitat types and more than half of coastal species have an unfavourable conservation status. 4) Integrated and ecosystem-based approaches provide the foundation for sustainable coastal management and development, supporting socio-economic development, biodiversity and ecosystem services. Coordinated action at the global, regional and local levels will be key to sustainable management of coastal ecosystems.
Located in Publications
Publication application/x-troff-ms 10 messages for 2010 — Mountain ecosystems
European mountain regions provide essential ecosystem services for lowlands and host a great diversity of habitats and species, many adapted to specific extreme climatic conditions. Mountain ecosystems are fragile and vulnerable, and face severe threats from land abandonment, intensifying agriculture, impacts of infrastructure development, unsustainable exploitation and climate change.
Located in Publications
Figure Percentage of assessed freshwater animal species in each conservation class in the EU-25 per biogeographic region
The number of assessed species present in each region is given in brackets.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure application/x-ica Grouped threats to Posidonia oceanica beds as reported by Mediterranean EU Member States under the EU Habitats Directive
Grouped threats to Posidonia oceanica beds as reported by Mediterranean EU Member States under the EU Habitats Directive
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Troff document Conservation status of marine habitat types and species listed in Annex I of the EU Habitats Directive
Conservation status of marine habitat types and species listed in Annex I of the EU Habitats Directive
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Conservation status of forest-related habitat types of European Union interest listed in the EU Habitats Directive in the EU-25 (number of assessments in brackets)
Conservation status of habitats per biogeographic area in forest ecosystems. Statistics by region on the left, overall statistics on the right.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Conservation status of forest-related species of Community interest listed in the EU Habitats Directive in the EU-25 (number of assessments in brackets)
Conservation status of forest-related species of Community interest listed in the EU Habitats Directive in the EU-25 (number of assessments in brackets)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Octet Stream Scaling up ecosystem benefits - a contribution to The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study
The present report analyses options for scaling up existing estimates of ecosystem service values to larger geographical scales. It also presents a case study of wetlands at the European level and discusses the results and policy applications.
Located in Publications
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