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Figure Sectoral shares of primary and secondary particulate matter in total emissions, EEA-32
The graph includes the combined emissions of primary PM10 particles (particulate matter with a diameter of 10 μm or less, emitted directly into the atmosphere) and secondary particulate-forming pollutants (the fraction of sulphur dioxide, SO2, nitrogen oxides NOx and ammonia NH3 which, as a result of photo-chemical reactions in the atmosphere, transform into particulate matter with a diameter of 10μm or less). Emissions of the secondary particulate precursor species are weighted by a particle formation factor prior to aggregation: primary PM10 = 1, SO2 = 0.54, NOx = 0.88, and (NH3) = 0.64.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Population-weighted concentrations of PM10 and O3 in urban agglomerations of more than 250 000 inhabitants in EU-27
Urban air quality is of major concern. The high density of population and of economic activities in urban areas results in increased emissions, ambient concentrations and exposure. The Structural Indicator for urban air quality is presented which comprises two sub-elements describing the annual variations in population weighted health-relevant concentrations of (1) ozone and (2) particulate matter (PM10) in ambient air in urban areas.
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Publication Impact of selected policy measures on Europe's air quality
The main objective of the present study is to analyse and quantify the effects that certain past policy measures in the road transport and industrial combustion facilities have had on the magnitude of air pollutant emissions and subsequent air quality in Europe. The policies selected are the Euro emission standards for road vehicles and the EU directives on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) and large combustion plants (LCP).
Located in Publications
Figure Particulate matter pollution
2 comparable maps showing current (2000) and projected (2030) PM10 regional concentrations (population weighted).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
Emissions of air pollutants derive from almost all economic and societal activities. They result in clear risks to human health and ecosystems. In Europe, policies and actions at all levels have greatly reduced anthropogenic emissions and exposure but some air pollutants still harm human health. Similarly, as emissions of acidifying pollutants have reduced, the situation for Europe's rivers and lakes has improved but atmospheric nitrogen oversupply still threatens biodiversity in sensitive terrestrial and water ecosystems. The movement of atmospheric pollution between continents attracts increasing political attention. Greater international cooperation, also focusing on links between climate and air pollution policies, is required more than ever to address air pollution.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
SOER Message (Deprecated) Urban environment — key message 2
Despite substantial reductions in some urban air pollutants, data for the period 1997 to 2008 show that for any given year up to 40 to 60 % of urban citizens can be exposed to concentrations of either particulate matter or ozone above the EU limits. Environmental noise, mainly from transport, continues to affect large numbers of people. Urban wastewater collection and treatment improved markedly, but discharges of some harmful chemicals remain a concern.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Urban environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Air pollution — key message 1
Air pollution damages human health and the environment. Considerable progress has been made in Europe to reduce emissions and exposure to different air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide (SO2) and lead (Pb). However, despite reductions, certain air pollutants, especially particulate matter (PM), ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and some organic compounds, still pose a threat to human health. For the EEA-32 group of countries, it has been estimated that in 2005 almost 5 million lost life years could be attributed to air pollution with fine particles (PM2.5) alone.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Contribution to total change in PM2.5 emissions for each sector 1990-2008 (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by each sector to the total change in primary PM2.5 particulate matter emissions between 1990 and 2008.
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Figure Contribution to total change in PM10 emissions for each sector 1990-2008 (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by each sector to the total change in primary PM10 particulate matter emission between 1990 and 2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emissions of primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter (EEA member countries)
This chart shows past emission trends of primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter, 1990-2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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