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Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Nitrate concentrations in Europe's groundwaters increased in the first half of 1990s and have then  remained relatively constant. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers has decreased approximately 10 % since 1998 from 2.8 to 2.5 mg N/l, reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. Nitrate levels in lakes are in general much lower than in rivers, but also in lakes there has been a 15 % reduction in the average nitrate concentration. Phosphorus concentrations in European rivers and lakes generally decreased during the last 14 years, reflecting the general improvement in wastewater treatment and reduced phosphate content of detergents over this period.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Indicator Assessment Chlorophyll in transitional, coastal and marine waters (CSI 023) - Assessment published Jan 2009
The highest summer chlorophyll-a concentrations were observed in coastal areas and estuaries and are at many locations associated with nutrient inputs from major rivers. Of the 413 stations reported to the EEA in 2005 with more than 5 years of observations, decreasing trends in summer chlorophyll-a concentrations were found at 7% of stations, increasing trends were found at 8% of stations, and the majority of stations (85%) indicate no statistically significant change in concentration. The stations with descreasing trends are located either in the Baltic Sea or along the coast of Italy.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Chlorophyll in transitional, coastal and marine waters
Indicator Assessment Bathing water quality (CSI 022) - Assessment published Jan 2009
The quality of water at designated bathing beaches in Europe (coastal and inland) has improved throughout the 1990s into 2000's. In 2006, 96 % of coastal bathing waters and 89 % of inland bathing waters complied with the mandatory standards.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Bathing water quality
Indicator Assessment Use of freshwater resources (CSI 018) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Over the last 10-15 years the Water Exploitation Index (WEI) decreased in 21 EEA countries (Fig.1), mainly in the  in the eastern countries, due to economic and institutional changes and some western countries, as a result of water saving and water efficiency measures. Total water abstraction decreased about 10 %, but nearly half of Europe's population still lives in water-stressed countries (approx. 266 million inhabitants).
Located in Data and maps Indicators Use of freshwater resources
Indicator Assessment Oxygen consuming substances in rivers (CSI 019) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Concentrations of BOD and total ammonium have decreased in European rivers in the period 1992 to 2006, corresponding to the general improvement in wastewater treatment (Fig. 1).   EEA water quality indicators have up to now presented European and regional overviews and country comparison. However, water quality data at national level may not be relevant or sufficient for some countries, and EEA will in the coming years change its indicators to reflect concentration levels and trends at River Basin District (RBD) level to duly reflect local and regional differences in water quality. See also WISE interactive maps: Mean annual BOD in rivers and Mean annual Total Ammonium in rivers
Located in Data and maps Indicators Oxygen consuming substances in rivers
Publication Catalogue of forward-looking indicators from selected sources; A contribution to the forward-looking component of a shared environmental information system (SEIS/Forward)
Work on reviewing the availability of forward-looking indicators started in 2005, with the aim of enhancing their use in European environmental assessments. This work has resulted in an overview of the availability of forward-looking information (scenarios and indicators) across all themes and with various geographical coverage.
Located in Publications
Figure Average annual runoff
Notes: Map prepared at a 10 km x 10 km grid resolution, showing average run-off with some smoothing of local detail
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Animation (swf) application/x-troff-ms Introduction to General Terms
Located in Environmental topics Water
Publication Sustainable use and management of natural resources
Located in Publications
Data Corine land cover 2000 lakes
F2v0 - This dataset is an extract of four CLC classes from Corine land cover 2000 (CLC 2000) seamless vector database - version 9/2007
Located in Data and maps Datasets
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