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Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment published Oct 2012
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2004. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 11% between 1992 and 2010 (from 2.5 to 2.2 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate as well as improvement in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being more than halved between 1992 and 2010 (54% decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2010 (by 31%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the beginning of the period, but is still ongoing. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Figure Share of imports in EU-27 consumption of selected materials
This figure shows 1999 to 2010 shares of imports of oil, hard coal and natural gas of direct material input (DMI) of the EU27
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Developments in fuel efficiency of an average car alongside trends in private car ownership and GHG emissions
Time series of the indexed values of GDP, stocks of cars in the EU27, total CO2 emissions of cars, total car kilometres travelled, total fuel consumption of private cars and average specific fuel consumption of cars.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Average annual growth rates for passenger transport, EU-27, 1995-2008
The Figure is showing average annual growth rates of different means of transport within the EU-27 in the period between 1995-2008. (Actual yearly growth rates are of course differing from the averages used in the figure) The values for Air and Sea travel only include domestic and Intra-EU-27 transport. Most numbers are based on estimates and data for Air and Sea are provisional estimates.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Water pricing and household water use in Spain and Estonia
(left) The graph shows the development of average prices for drinking water supply and water consumption of households in Spain. (right) The graph shows the development of average prices for water supply for human consumption in Estonia.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trends in appliance energy efficiency and ownership in households, EU-27
A time series of the available stock of three household appliances in EU27 compared to the specific energy consumption of those appliances and the total electricity consumption of households
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trends in heating energy consumption and energy efficiency of housing, EU-27
Time series of the growth in floor area of housing in EU27 coupled with the energy demands for space heating per dwelling, per m2 and total.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Households' final energy consumption per capita in EEA member countries, 2005 and 2010
The graph shows the average per capita final energy consumption of households in 2005 and 2010, divided into electricity consumption and other energy types
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Direct and indirect global pressures caused by private consumption distributed by consumption (COICOP) category, in EU-27, 2007
Direct and indirect GHGs induced by household consumption distributed across 12 household consumption (COICOP) categories for a single year. Direct and indirect acidification emissions induced by household consumption distributed across 12 household consumption (COICOP) categories for a single year. Direct and indirect troposheric ozone precursor emissions induced by household consumption distributed across 12 household consumption (COICOP) categories for a single year. Direct material input induced by household consumption distributed across 12 household consumption (COICOP) categories for a single year.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Global and European temperature (CSI 012/CLIM 001) - Assessment published Jun 2012
Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2002 and 2011 was 0.77°C to 0.80°C warmer than the pre-industrial average. In recent decades, the rate of change in global average temperature has been close to the 0.2°C per decade. The Arctic has warmed significantly more than the globe, and this is projected to continue into the future. The best estimate for the further rise in global average temperature is between 1.8 and 4.0°C for the lowest and highest SRES marker scenarios (IPCC SRES) that assume no additional political measures to limit emissions. When climate model uncertainties are taken into account, the likely range increases to 1.1 – 6.4 °C. The EU target of limiting global average temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded during the second half of this century and likely around 2050, for all six IPCC scenarios. Europe The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2002-2011) is 1.3°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest on record. Annual average land temperature over Europe is projected to continue increasing by more than global land temperature during the 21 st century. By the 2021-2050 period, temperature increases of between 1.0°C and 2.5°C are projected, and by 2071-2100 this increases to between 2.5°C and 4.0°C. The largest temperature increase during 21 st century is projected over eastern and northern Europe in winter and over Southern Europe in summer. Extremes of cold have become less frequent in Europe while warm extremes have become more frequent. Since 1880 the average length of summer heat waves over Western Europe doubled and frequency of hot days almost tripled.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Global and European temperature
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