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Figure Rate of change of global average temperature, 1850–2012 (in ºC per decade)
Rates of change of global average temperature (1850 to 2012) in ºC per decade, based on 10-year running average of the 3 datasets: 1) Black line - HadCRUT4 from the UK Met Office Hadley Centre and University of East Anglia Climate Research Unit, baseline period 1850-1899 (Morice et al. 2012), 2) Red line – MLOST from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Centre, baseline period 1880-1899 (Smith et al., 2008), and 3) Blue line - GISSTemp from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Institute for Space Studies, baseline period 1880-1899 (Hansen et al., 2010).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Global and European temperature (CSI 012/CLIM 001) - Assessment published Aug 2013
Global Three independent long term records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2003 and 2012 was 0.76°C to 0.81°C warmer than the pre-industrial average. Between 1990 and 2010, the rate of change in global average temperature has been close to the 0.2°C per decade. Global mean surface temperature rose rapidly from the 1970s, but has been relatively flat in the last decade mostly due to heat transfer between upper and deep ocean waters. The Arctic has warmed significantly more than the rest of the globe, and this is projected to continue into the future. The best estimate for the further rise in global average temperature at the end of 21st century is between 1.8 and 4.0°C for the lowest and highest SRES marker scenarios (IPCC SRES) that assume no additional political measures to limit emissions. When climate model uncertainties are taken into account, the likely range increases to 1.1 to 6.4 °C. The EU target of limiting global average temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded during the second half of this century and likely around 2050, for all six IPCC SRES scenarios. Europe The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2003-2012) is 1.3°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest on record. Climate simulations from different regional climate models all using A1B SRES scenario show that the annual average land temperature over Europe will continue to increase by more than global average temperature during the 21 st century. By the 2021-2050 period, temperature increases of between 1.0°C and 2.5°C are projected, and by 2071-2100 this increases to between 2.5°C and 4.0°C. The largest temperature increase during 21 st century is projected over eastern and northern Europe in winter and over Southern Europe in summer. Extremes of cold have become less frequent in Europe while warm extremes have become more frequent. Since 1880 the average length of summer heat waves over Western Europe doubled and frequency of hot days almost tripled.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Global and European temperature
Data Visualisation Octet Stream Fluorinated greenhouse gases (aggregated data)
The visualization shows the 2007-2011 trend of production, imports, exports and consumption of F-gases in EU-27, based on the information reported by undertakings. Values are expressed in million tonnes CO2-eq., using the GWP provided in the 3rd Assessment IPCC Report (GWP TAR). The information is provided by type of gases (HFCs, PFCs or SF6) when available or is reported as 'Unspecified' in cases where there is not enough information/ the confidentiality rule applies.
Located in Data and maps Visualise your data
Highlight Van manufacturers must make new models more efficient by 2020
New vans in the European Union (EU) must become more efficient to meet carbon dioxide targets in 2017 and 2020, according to provisional data published by the European Environment Agency (EEA).
Located in News
Highlight Flood risk in Europe: the long-term outlook
Floods in Central Europe have caused deaths and widespread property damage across parts of the Czech Republic, Germany and Austria. Such events are likely to increase in Europe for several reasons including climate change, according to recent assessments from the European Environment Agency (EEA).
Located in News
Press Release Greenhouse gases: 2011 emissions lower than previously estimated
Greenhouse gases fell by 3.3 % in the EU in 2011, leading to the lowest level of emissions in reports going back to 1990. The decrease in 2011 was also the third largest over this period, according to official data compiled by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and reported by the EU to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Located in Media News
Figure Socio-economic projections for the European Union
Top: Projected GDP (PPP); middle: Projected total population; bottom: Projected population over 65 years old.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight Consumers buying more efficient cars in Europe
The average car sold in the EU in 2012 was 9 % more fuel-efficient than the average three years before, according to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA). Improved technology and an increase in the share of diesel cars are the main reasons behind the fall in average CO2 emissions.
Located in News
Press Release Europe must adapt to stay ahead of a changing climate
As Europe’s climate warms, wine producers in Europe may need to change the type of grapes they cultivate or the location of vineyards, even moving production to other areas in some cases. This is just one example of how Europe’s economy and society need to adapt to climate change, as examined in a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA).
Located in Media News
Highlight International shipping should cut air pollutants and greenhouse gases together
Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases from the shipping sector have increased substantially in the last two decades, contributing to both climate change and air pollution problems, according to a report from the European Environment Agency (EEA).
Located in News
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