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Figure text/texmacs Potential climatic tipping elements
Tipping elements are regional-scale features of the climate that could exhibit threshold-type behaviour in response to human-driven climate change – that is, a small amount of climate change at a critical point could trigger an abrupt and/or irreversible shift in the tipping element. The consequences of such shifts for societies and ecosystems are likely to be severe. Question marks indicate systems whose status as tipping elements is particularly uncertain. There are other potential tipping elements that are missing from the map, for example shallow-water coral reefs (Veron et al. 2009) threatened in part by ocean acidification
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Figure Growth in the productivity of labour, energy and materials, EU-15 and EU-12
This figure shows the development of labour productivity, material productivity, and energy productivity in EU15 and EU12.
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Indicator Assessment Use of freshwater resources (CSI 018/WAT 001) - Assessment published Dec 2010
Over the last 10-17 years the Water Exploitation Index (WEI) decreased in 24 EEA countries (Fig.1), as a result of water saving and water efficiency measures. Total water abstraction decreased about 12 %, but one fifth  of Europe's population still lives in water-stressed countries (approx. 113 million inhabitants).
Located in Data and maps Indicators Use of freshwater resources
Figure Key past and projected impacts and effects of climate change for the main biogeographical regions of Europe
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Figure European land cover in 2006, main land-cover categories of Europe
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Figure Exceedances of critical loads for eutrophication due to the deposition of nutrient nitrogen in 2000 and 2010
The maps shows the exceedances of critical loads for eutrophication due to the deposition of nutrient N in the 2000 and 2010
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Figure Water exploitation index (WEI).
Annual total water abstraction as a percentage of available long-term freshwater resources around 1990 (WEI-90) compared to latest year available (1998–2007) (WEI-Latest Year).
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Figure Occurrence of major floods in Europe
Occurrence of major floods in Europe (1998–2009)
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Figure Pressure intensity (unit pressure per Euro spent) of household consumption categories, 2005
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Figure Ecological footprint compared with biocapacity (left), and different components of the footprint (right) in EEA countries, 1961–2006
The ecological footprint is a measure of the area needed to support a population's lifestyle. This includes the consumption of food, fuel, wood, and fibres. Pollution, such as carbon dioxide emissions, is also counted as part of the footprint. Biocapacity measures how biologically productive land is. It is measured in 'global hectares': a hectare with the world average biocapacity. Biologically productive land includes cropland, pasture, forests and fisheries
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100