Personal tools

Notifications
Get notifications on new reports and products. Frequency: 3-4 emails / month.
Subscriptions
Sign up to receive our reports (print and/or electronic) and quarterly e-newsletter.
Follow us
Twitter icon Twitter
Facebook icon Facebook
YouTube icon YouTube channel
RSS logo RSS Feeds
More

Write to us Write to us

For the public:


For media and journalists:

Contact EEA staff
Contact the web team
FAQ

Call us Call us

Reception:

Phone: (+45) 33 36 71 00
Fax: (+45) 33 36 71 99


next
previous
items

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Sound and independent information
on the environment

57 items matching your search terms.
Filter the results.
Item type























































































New items since



Sort by relevance · date (newest first) · alphabetically
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment published Dec 2010
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, and have remained relatively constant since then. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 9 % between 1992 and 2008 (from 2.4 to 2.2 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being almost halved between 1992 and 2008 (47 % decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2008 (by 26%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the first half of the period. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflect both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Figure Phosphorous levels in the water of large mountain lakes in Switzerland
-
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The continuing presence of a range of pollutants in a number of Europe's freshwaters threatens aquatic ecosystems and raises concerns for public health. Current reporting under the EU Water Framework Directive shows that a substantial proportion of Europe's freshwaters are at risk of not achieving the aim of 'good status' by 2015. Driven by the EU Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive (UWWTD), improvements in the collection and treatment of wastewater in some regions of Europe have led to a reduction in the discharge of some pollutants to fresh and coastal waters. Challenges remain, however, because UWWTD implementation remains incomplete and other significant sources of water pollution exist, especially agriculture and urban storm flows. The implementation of effective and timely measures, required under the WFD, needs to encompass a greater focus on controls 'at source' and the efficient use of resources including water, energy and chemicals.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Publication chemical/x-pdb Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
European marine regions include the north-east Atlantic and Arctic oceans, and the Mediterranean, Black and Baltic seas. Human activities — such as fishing, aquaculture and agriculture — and climate change cause large and severe impacts on Europe's coastal and marine ecosystems. The EU objective of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 has not been met in either the coastal or the marine environment. Recognising the need for an integrated ecosystem-based approach to reduce pressures, the EU Integrated Maritime Policy allows for the development of sea-related activities in a sustainable manner. Its environmental pillar, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, aims to deliver 'good environmental status' of the marine environment by 2020, and the Common Fisheries Policy will be reformed in 2012 with the aim of achieving sustainable fisheries. Complementary policy efforts include the EU Water Framework Directive and other freshwater legislation, and the Habitats and Birds Directives.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Common environmental theme D source code Freshwater - Drivers and pressures (Poland)
SOER Common environmental theme from Poland
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Poland
National and regional story National and regional story (Germany) - The way toward unifying environmental protection
SOER National and regional story from Germany
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Germany
Common environmental theme Freshwater - Drivers and pressures (Germany)
SOER Common environmental theme from Germany
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Germany
Common environmental theme Freshwater - Drivers and pressures (Finland)
Freshwater - Drivers and Pressures
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Common environmental theme Freshwater - State and impacts (Finland)
Freshwater - State and Impacts
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Common environmental theme Land use - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)
Key drivers and pressures of land use. Links to further national information on land use.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Sweden
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100