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Figure Inter-annual variation in European carbon fluxes from the biosphere to the atmosphere
Note: The lines represent the results of two ecosystem models (LPJ and SLAVE), and the range (minimum, mean, maximum) of calculated terrestrial C flux (based on so-called inversed calculations considering atmospheric CO2 calculation)
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Figure EU-15 greenhouse gas past emissions and emission projections (agriculture sector)
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Figure Economic and insured losses caused by weather and climate related disasters in Europe
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Figure Past and projected EU-12 greenhouse gas emissions
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Figure Carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere
Notes: Atmospheric carbon (in the form of CO2) is absorbed by plants in the process of photosynthesis
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Figure Global development in energy use
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Figure Troff document EU-15 greenhouse gas past emissions and emission projections (energy sector excluding transport)
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Data Desertification in the Mediterranean region
The European Topic Centre on Terrestrial Environment (ETC-TE) has been asked by the European Environment Agency (EEA) to support the development of a sensitivity mapping on desertification and drought in the Mediterranean countries at scale 1 : 1.000.000
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Data Sensitivity to desertification and drought in Europe
Desertification is an advanced stage of land degradation where the soil has lost part of its capability to support human communities and ecosystems
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Indicator Assessment Greenhouse gas emission trends (CSI 010/CLIM 050) - Assessment published Mar 2009
According to first estimates by EEA for the year 2010, EU-27 greenhouse gas emissions increased by 2.4 % compared to 2009 (with a margin of error of +/- 0.3 %). This was due to the return to economic growth in many countries and a colder winter leading to an increased heating demand. However, the increase in emissions was contained by a move from coal to natural gas and the sustained strong growth in renewable energy generation. EU‑27 emissions were 15.5 % below the 1990 level. This 2010 increase follows a 7 % drop in 2009 (compared to 2008), largely due to the economic recession and the growth of renewable energy generation. Between 1990 and 2010, greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-27 decreased in all main emitting sectors except in the transport sector, where they increased considerably. In the EU-15, CO 2  emissions from public electricity and heat production also increased. In the EU-15, estimated 2010 GHG emissions increased by 2.3 % (+/– 0.7) compared to 2009. This implies that EU‑15 greenhouse gas emissions were approximately 10.6 % below the 1990 level in 2010 (1) or 10.7 % below the base-year level. The European Union remains well on track to achieve its Kyoto Protocol target (an 8% reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions compared to base-year level, to be achieved during the period from 2008 to 2012). 2010 emissions of all EU-12 Member States that have a Kyoto target were well below their Kyoto target, except in Slovenia. A detailed assessment of progress towards Kyoto targets and 2020 targets in Europe is provided in EEA's 2011 report on Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections .
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100