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Figure Total energy intensity 1995-2008 (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
There are significant differences in total energy intensity within the EU-27 Member States, with the highest values in Bulgaria, Estonia and Finland – due to the presence of large energy intensive industries like steel and cement industries and the lowest in Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Malta (when compared at Purchasing Power Standards) - partly explained by a relatively large services sector and small industry sector.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption, EU-27
Total energy consumption in the EU-27 grew at an average annual rate of 0.4 % over the period from 1990 to 2008, while Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in constant prices grew at an average annual rate of 2.1 % during the same period. As a result, total energy intensity in the EU-27 fell at an average rate of 1.6 % per year.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure % change in industry final energy consumption per capita (1990-2008)
Based on the ratio : energy consumption / population (%/year calculated on the period 1990-2008)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Influence of change in dwelling size on the energy consumption per dwelling (1997–2008)
Unit consumption for households can be expressed in energy consumed per dwelling (toe/dw) or energy consumed per floor area (koe/m2). The floor area per dwelling for EU27 is extrapolated from the weighted average floor area of dwellings of 19 countries (9 EU-15 countries and 10 new members) which represent around 85% of the total EU stock of dwellings; the weighting factor is the stock of dwellings.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Influence of climate on household energy consumption per dwelling
Influence of climate on household energy consumption per dwelling between 1990 and 2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure % change in household final energy consumption per person, 1990-2008
Based on the ratio : energy consumption / population (%/year calculated on the period 1990-2008)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Final energy consumption (million TOE) and per capita final consumption, EU-27
Final energy consumption (million TOE) and per capita final consumption, EU-27
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Final energy consumption by sector in the EU-27, 1990-2008
Between 1990 and 2008, final energy consumption in transport increased by 33.7 % at an average annual rate of 1.7 %. In 2008, the share of transport in final energy consumption was 32.0%. Household final energy consumption increased by 4.3 % from 2007 to 2008, partially due to a very cold winter across Europe and the refilling of the fuel stock as well as poor energy efficiency improvements. In 2008, the share of household consumption in total final energy consumption was 25.3%. In 2008, the share of service sector in final energy consumption was 11.8%. In 2008, the share of industry in final energy consumption was 27.2%
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Final energy consumption by sector (CSI 027/ENER 016) - Assessment published Aug 2011
Between 1990 and 2008, the final energy consumption in the EU-27 increased by 9.7 % at an annual average rate of 0.5%. Transport remains the sector with the fastest growing energy consumption (33.7% over the period) followed by services (29.0% over the period). Over the same period, household final energy consumption increased by about 13.0% while final consumption in industry fell by 13.0 %. Between 2007 and 2008, EU-27 final energy consumption increased by 0.3 % mainly due to significant increase in the services (5.2 %) and households (4.3%) sectors. In transport and industry final energy consumption actually decreased between 2007 and 2008 by 0.7% and 3.8% respectively. On average, one person in the EEA counties used 2.2 tonnes of oil equivalent to meet their energy needs in 2008.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Final energy consumption by sector
Figure Final energy consumption in the industry sectors
The figure shows the development of the final energy consumption in the different industry sectors.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100