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GIS Map Application Europe Artificial Areas (Land Cover 2006)
Corine land cover 2006 is the latest update of the CLC database as part of the European Commission programme to COoRdinate INformation on the Environment (Corine) started in the early 1990s. It provides consistent information on land cover and its changes during the period 2000-2006 across Europe. The CLC2006 database covers 38 countries.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Artificial Surfaces in Europe
Built areas in Europe
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
Data Urban morphological zones changes 2000-2006
F3v0 - Urban morphological zones (UMZ) are defined by Corine land cover classes considered to contribute to the urban tissue and function
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Data Urban morphological zones changes 1990-2000
F3v0 - Urban morphological zones (UMZ) are defined by Corine land cover classes considered to contribute to the urban tissue and function
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure Distribution of land take 2000-2006
Map shows spatial distribution and intensity of land take for urban and other artificial land (lcf2 Urban residential sprawl + lcf3 Sprawl of economic sites and infrastructures) over particular territory in 2000 - 2006.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Land take (CSI 014/LSI 001) - Assessment published Feb 2011
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in 36 European countries was 111 788 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take increased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops, forests, grasslands and open spaces and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. 
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
Article C source code header Analysing and managing urban growth
Over the last decades, continuous urban expansion at rates much higher than population growth has resulted in a massive urban footprint on Europe – fragmenting rural space, blocking ecosystem services and increasing the demand for transport and energy.
Located in Articles
Figure Active land uses
Development and economic growth with less urban sprawl — simulation of urban land‑use development in the Algarve region (Portugal) Different scenarios for regional development to 2020 have been simulated to evaluate the impacts of economic trends and spatial policies on land use: • Scenario A Business as usual: continuation of current conditions, where agriculture, fisheries and tourism are the main economic activities. Internal demographic movements are the major drivers of land‑use changes. GDP increases by 2.9% per year. • Scenario S Scattered development: urban land-take is the result of high population growth, especially due to the influx of tourists, and economic growth both in the industrial and service sectors. Increase in GDP is twice that in Scenario A at 6 %. • Scenario C Compact development: spatial policies and restrictive planning aim at concentrating urbanisation in designated areas. GDP growth is as in Scenario S, 6 %.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Intensity of urban sprawl 2000–2006 in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (above) and Ireland (below)
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication chemical/x-pdb Urban environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The global population is congregating in our cities. Eighty per cent of the world’s estimated nine billion people in 2050 are expected to live in urban areas. Our cities and urban areas face many challenges from social to health to environmental. The impacts of cities and urban areas are felt in other regions which supply cities with food, water and energy and absorb pollution and waste. However, the proximity of people, businesses and services associated with the very word ‘city’ means that there are also huge opportunities. Indeed, well designed, well managed urban settings offer a key opportunity for sustainable living.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
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