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Indicator Assessment Land take (CSI 014/LSI 001) - Assessment published Jun 2013
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in European countries assessed by 2006 Corine land cover project (EEA39 except Greece) was approximately 108 000 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take decreased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. Identified trends are expected to change little when next assessment for 2006-2012 becomes available in 2014.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
Figure Corine land cover 1990 by country
The maps illustrate Corine Land Cover 1990 for each country for all 44 classes
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Corine land cover 2006 by country
The maps illustrate Corine Land Cover 2006 for each country for all 44 classes.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure model/mesh Bar diagram of effective mesh density values per country for FG-B2 in 2009
Effective mesh density values by country for Fragmentation Geometry FG-B2 in 2009. Fragmentation geometry has been created from input data (TeleAtlas roads/rails, CLC urban classes, mountain areas / mountain ridges based on Nordregio and WorldClim data and rivers/lakes based on Catchment Characterisation and Modelling (CCM) v.2 database and CLC database) and landscape fragmentation metrics (Jaeger 2000) has been calculated.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Landscape fragmentation in Europe
Joint EEA-FOEN report
Located in Publications
Highlight Increasing fragmentation of landscape threatens European wildlife
Roads, motorways, railways, intensive agriculture and urban developments are breaking up Europe’s landscapes into ever-smaller pieces, with potentially devastating consequences for flora and fauna across the continent, according to a new joint report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). The report, 'Landscape fragmentation in Europe', demonstrates how areas of land are often unable to support high levels of biodiversity when they are split into smaller and smaller parcels.
Located in News
Eyewitness story The Forest Rights Act — empowering the powerless
Located in Signals — well-being and the environment Signals 2011 Eyewitness stories
Publication Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990–2009 and inventory report 2011
This report is the annual submission of the greenhouse gas inventory of the European Union to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. It presents greenhouse gas emissions between 1990 and 2009 for EU-27, EU-15, individual Member States and economic sector.
Located in Publications
Highlight chemical/x-pdb Commission and EEA sign agreement to provide detailed information on land cover in Europe
The European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission (EC) have signed an agreement to provide information on land cover in Europe, compiling data from land, air and space. The agreement was signed on May 25, during a Green Week event in Brussels.
Located in News
About the land use data centre
The environmental data centre for land use provides data to understand the relationship between land use and environmental impacts. Information is provided at different scales combining European coverage with global and in situ survey data.
Located in Environmental topics Land use
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100