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Highlight Our Natural Europe: conservation stories show importance of local action
When fishermen in the Koster Sea in Southern Sweden understood the value of the ecosystems beneath the waves, they voluntarily agreed to change fishing practices. The area became Sweden’s first marine national park in 2006.
Located in News
Figure D source code Overlap between wilderness areas and protected areas under IUCN categories I and II
In terms of overall number, Estonia, Norway, Slovakia and Sweden have the most protected areas classified as Category Ia and Ib, and Category II. Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia and Slovenia have the highest number of protected areas under Category III, but not all countries classify protected areas under this category. The United Kingdom is the only country within the 39 EEA member and collaborating countries that has no protected areas in categories I, II or III. No data available for Ireland.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Overview of protected areas as recorded in the World Database on Protected Areas
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of CDDA coverage per IUCN category; left: % of the number of sites; right: % of area
Sites in the database without a management category are excluded
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of coastal surface covered by Natura 2000 designated areas
Refers to 10 km zone for terrestrial and for marine side, respectively.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Percentage of marine waters covered by Natura 2000
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of Natura 2000 site area not protected under national instruments per EU Member State
Percentage of Natura 2000 site area not protected under national instruments per EU Member State
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of terrestrial protected areas in EU‑27
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of the coastal zone within 10 km of the shoreline protected by Natura 2000 sites per NUTS3 region in the EU-27
The highest proportion of coastal zone covered by Natura 2000 sites is located on Germany's Baltic coast, the Baltic States coast, Denmark's western coast, Ireland's north-western coast, France's eastern Atlantic coast, western and south-western of the Iberian Peninsula, coast of Almeria, northern Catalan coast, northern and central Adriatic coast of Italy, western Crete and Thrace (Greece).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Policy framework
European policy regarding protected areas is mostly the product of initiatives from two main sources: the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, and the European Union itself. However, other international conventions have also been promoting the creation of protected areas e.g. Ramsar Convention, World Heritage Convention, Bonn Convention.
Located in Environmental topics Biodiversity An overview of Europe's protected areas
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100